(Last Updated on : 01/01/2018)
Zeliang Naga Tribes is one of the dominant tribe of Nagaland
mainly found in Kohima district
, with rich indigenous knowledge systems and have minimum impact of present day modernization. The tribe
inhabit in the Barrail range of hills in Manipur
. They are very famous for their sanitation and hygiene. They keep their houses and village
neat and clean. In Nagaland, the term "Zeliang" is coined by combining two words Ze and Liang, representing two tribes namely, Zemi' and Liangmei. The term Zeliangrong is also an acronym formed by the addition of the word rong, which represents the Rongmei tribe.
Society of Zeliang Naga Tribes
The Zeliang Nagas are divided into four exogamous clans - Gangmei, Kammei, Gonmei and Longmei. Some clans are further divided into several sub-clans. The Zeliang do not have a youth dormitory system. They are also very particular about the education
of their children. They prefer to send their children in mission schools for better and proper education.
Monogamy is the common form of marriage
but polygamy is not completely prohibited. Christian Zeliang does not observe traditional marriage system. The forms of marriage
prevailed in the Zeliang society are Kanei-pi-kadomei, Kakhaomei, Tankhi, Tanpui-Tappu and Nauman.
Economic Life of Zeliang Naga Tribes
The Zeliang Naga Tribes practice wet cultivation or Panikheti and terraced cultivation. They also practice Jhum cultivation though they prefer Panikheti. It has been noticed that the women
are more laborious than men. Women go to the fields early in the morning after finishing their household works, while the men stay at home. Various agriculture
products are grown in their Jhum field. They produce food grains, vegetables
and cash crops
, tapioca are also grown. Potatoes have been also introduced. Supplying fire wood is one of the main occupations of the Zeliang Nagas.
is the traditional household industry
of the Zeliang. Besides weaving they are exceptionally skilled in handicrafts
like bamboo work
s, cane works
and black smithy and so on.
Religion of Zeliang Naga Tribes
The non-Christian Zeliangs believe in spirits
and offer gifts and sacrifices to different malevolent and benevolent spirits of a jungle. Their traditional religion
is social and individual in character. It is very practical and revolves round the needs of the people. They believe in fairy. Many have accepted the religion of Christianity
. The people continue following some of the traditional practices despite adopting Christianity.
Festivals of Zeliang Naga Tribes
Zeliangs have several festivals
and most of them are communal though some are individual in character. The Hega festival is one of the most important and the biggest festival amongst the Zeliang community
. Chega Gadi is another important and popular festival of the Zeliang people, being celebrated by the forefathers and still being celebrated up to this date. The Liangmai community celebrate this festival usually at the last part of Chegahui i.e. October. The Zeliang tribe also observe a festival known as Nga-Ngai. Both men and women are involved in dancing during this festival. The Zeliang people are good dancers compared to other Naga Tribes