History of Bhangra - Informative & researched article on History of Bhangra
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Dances

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Crafts|Indian Monuments|Indian Dances|Indian Festivals|Indian Paintings|Indian Photography|Indian Sculpture
Home > Art & Culture > Indian Dances > Indian Folk Dances > Folk Dances of Punjab > Bhangra > History of Bhangra
History of Bhangra
History of Bhangra has crossed a long path from celebration of life in Baisakhi to the party celebrations in twenty-first century.
 History of BhangraHistorians speculate that the Bhangra dance may have originated in the time of the wars with Alexander, but no one is sure it existed until about five hundred years ago. Around 14th or 15th Century, Punjabi wheat farmers used to sing and dance about village life while working in the fields. With the passage of time, these became part of harvest celebrations at Baisakh (April 14) that became popular as the Baisakhi festival, celebrated for the advent of the harvesting season and also to cherish the last season's fruit bearing.

In post independence India the art and culture of the country were brought into focus where numerous dance forms and music gharanas came to the forefront in the process of popularising the art. Bhangra became popular in the 20th century. It was during 60's and 70's that Bhangra became a mass phenomenon as a dance form all over India. The notable singers who made Bhangra popular are Kuldip Manak, Amar Singh Chamkila, and A. S. Kang. Kuldip Manak is known as the Bhangra legend who wrote hundreds of songs, many of which are covered and remixed by contemporary artists. Amar Singh Chamkila was a legend of Punjabi Folk who has a controversial career of writing vulgar and offensive lyrics, was killed at the age of twenty-seven. He wrote almost two hundred songs many of which was not released, and are recorded and released by the contemporary artists.

Bhangra music rise to the international scenario with the advent of the 80's when a man called Malkit Singh entered the tradition of Punjabi Folk Music. He was known as 'the golden voice of the Punjab' with his debut album 'Nach Gidhe Wich', released in 1984. Another singer named Gurdaas Mann popularise Bhangra during the 80's with his debut album Dil Da Mamla. A group named Heera, started by Kumar and Dhami, was one of the popular Bhangra bands of 80's released there debut album 'Diamonds' which is notable for being one of the first Bhangra albums to mix successfully Western drums and synthesizers with traditional Punjabi instruments.

Bhangra dance took a huge step towards mainstream credibility in the 1990s, especially among youths. At the beginning of the nineties, many artists returned to the original, folk beats of Bhangra, often using more Dhol drum beats and Tumbi. This era also saw the rise of several young Punjabi singers. In recent times various forms of Bhangra are coming to the fore with newer scope and possibilities of taking Bhangra to a different high. Film songs are much more influenced by Bhangra music nowadays. The nature of music and dance remains the same but the presentation has gone a sea change that envisages new techniques and experimental music arrangements to capture the mood of the listeners. Whatever may be the change, the main purpose of Bhangra remain the same that of entertainment, joyous mood and celebration of life and that is the reason that nowadays Bhangra is played in almost all kinds of happy occasions.

(Last Updated on : 06/01/2015)
More Articles in Bhangra  (2)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Dances
Dalkhai Dance
Dalkhai dance is the famous folk dance of Orissa which is accompanied by a rich orchestra of folk music played by various instruments. It is performed at festivals like Bhaijauntia, Phangun Puni and Nuakhai.
Chhau dance of Mayurbhanj
Chhau dance of Mayurbhanj does not use any type of mask. The kings of Mayurbhanj had patronised this dance.
Musical Instruments for Bhangra
Musical instruments for Bhangra mainly include dhol, iktar, tumbi and chimta. The key board and guitar play an important role in Bhangra.
Folk Dances of Punjab
Folk Dances of Punjab are rich in terms of dance. The Punjabi folk dances are classified according to male and female folk dances.
Bhangra is a Punjabi folk dance. The Style of it is very energetic. It is performed mainly to celebrate the joys of life with vibrant colours.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Indian Dances
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Art & Culture
History of Bhangra - Informative & researched article on History of Bhangra
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.