Uses of rose are multifaceted and spread across different aspects like gardening, medicines, cosmetics, cooking etc. As they say, "There may be many flowers in a man`s life, but there is only one rose". Fragrant and velvety soft to touch, Rose is not only
amongst the most beautiful and admired flowers and has a number of uses that raise the flower to a great height, but even one of the most primitive flowers in subsistence. Rose has its numerous uses in manufacturing of perfumes, essential oils, rose water and other cosmetics. Rose fossil vestiges dating back over thirty five million years discovered in Colorado, North America, Europe and Asia. Apart from ordinary regular usage roses have had their abundant usage in the medicinal sectors and cast a soothing effect in mind and body. The flowers are also used in culinary purposes. The petals of rose are also used to make herbal tea.
Ornamental Uses of Rose
The majority of roses are used to decorate gardens as well as for various ornamental purposes owing to their aesthetic grandeur and breath taking visual appeal. Usually roses are grown for attractive or scented foliage, ornamental thorns or for their ostentatious fruit. A few species and hybrids are grown for non-floral ornamental use. While Greeks emblematized rose as the symbol of futuristic culture, rose in their territory was accredited as "Sub-rosa." Indians are influenced by the similar usage.
Medicinal Uses of Rose
It were the Romans who formerly used the rose for medicinal purposes; myth has it that
Cleopatra festooned her bed and floors with unsullied rose petals when amusing guests.
Roses have diuretic effects as they contain Vitamin C, pectin, malic and citric acids bearing the quality of both an aphrodisiac and an antidote to warfare drunkenness. Its effect in medicinal science proves that it clears toxins and heat from the body resulting in the cooling effect on the body. The rose flower can relieve one from sore throat, runny nose and blocked bronchial tubes. Roses are useful to people those prone to chest problems by fighting against infections. Rose tea helps to fight the infection in the digestive tract and re-establish the normal bacterial population of the intestines. Rose petals relieve fluid retention and hasten the elimination of wastes through kidneys. The practitioners of naturopathy and herbal therapy believe that rose is a wonderful remedy for dysentery, diarrhea and gastro enteritis. As it is a laxative, it works as a remedy for all liver problems including sluggishness and constipation. It has also been said that roses help to cleanse the liver and gall bladder and promotes bile flow.
Rose Petal Tea can be used to relieve uterine congestion causing pain and heavy periods.
It is an excellent remedy for irregular periods and infertility relieving uterine congestion causing pain and heavy periods. It is an excellent remedy for irregular periods and infertility. As recommended by the physicians the use of rose petals to treat erratic menstrual periods, as well as to perk up sexual desire in individuals. Roses have an uplifting effect on the nervous system and can relieve insomnia, depression and fatigue. Rose is also considered to be an effective cleanser and purifier. Rose hips also contain Carotenoid pigments, plant sterols, Tocotrienols and a very high level of Anthocyanins, Catechins and other Polyphenolics, known Phytochemicals to protect against cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVD).
Although rose petals are mostly used, but the leaves, hips, seeds and root bark are used for medicinal purposes. In addition to substantial proportions of vitamin C, the rose hips contain several other chemical amalgams that encompass 11% of pectin and 3% of a blend of Malic and Citric acids. According to the researchers the presence of malic acid and citric acid contributes to the rose hips` laxative and diuretic effects. As a consequence, physicians frequently recommend the use of rose hips or preparations with it to treat constipation and urinary problems.
The leaves as well as the petals of the rose plant grant a comforting effect and if ingested as a tea, can lessen body temperature during high fevers. The tea prepared with rose petals and leaves is also effective in cleansing toxins and heat from the body. In problems like rashes on the skin and inflammatory (swelling and irritation) problems, rose petals are used to get rid of these problems. Several researches have shown that the rose also possesses properties that increases the body`s immunity and helps to restrict all kinds of infections from becoming larger problems. Rose hips as well as the petals of the rose flowers acquire the properties that have reconditioning effects on the nervous system. They are also capable of alleviating the problems of insomnia, do away with depression, drive out fatigue and also offer comfort in conditions such as tetchiness. The anti-inflammatory properties of rose hips have recently been shown to be useful in the treatment of patients suffering from knee or hip osteoarthritis.
Culinary Uses of Rose
Apart from having immense medicinal value, roses are immensely used in all over the world for culinary purposes. Rose hips have a tangy, fruity flavour similar to that of cranberries and are preferred for consumption. The rose hips are used fresh, dried, or preserved. Rose hips can be used in apple sauce, soups and stews, syrups, puddings, marmalade, tarts, breads, and pie, or made into a jam or jelly. Rose petals are used in a variety of forms, sometimes dries and crushed or sometimes the rose water is used to prepare sweets like Kheer, Rabri, Barfi, Sandesh
etc. rose water is also added to rice preparations like Biriyani and Fried Rice. Rose petals are preserved and added to various sweet dishes too. Dried and crushed rose hips are also commonly used to make herbal teas. Rose hip tea may also be improved by blending with hibiscus flowers. Rose water, made from Rose Oil, is used to flavour candy, desserts, and syrups. In addition to producing oil, rose petals are commonly used in potpourris, and can be added to salads, jellies and jams.
Uses of Rose in Cosmetics
The uses of rose vary from preparing of cosmetics, perfumes, hand lotions, creams, to rose essential oil and rose water. In recent times almost all perfumes and fragrances contain rose oil. The oils made out of roses and the essential oils are used in aromatherapy and is said to have mild sedative activity and is used to treat anxiety and depression is also used to treat eye irritations.
Thus, Rose has various uses; from the petals, the leaves even to the rose hips, most part of the flower is utilised in the best way possible.