(Last Updated on : 15/02/2014)
Treatment of Gastric Trouble is done after diagnosing the cause and symptoms. Indigestion is most often the pronounced ailment of modern times that branch out to gastric problems in most cases. The most common ailment in the contemporary world is probably Gastritis. The main symptoms of gastric are heartburn, pain in the abdomen, puking or vomiting, excessive burping, nausea and difficulty in releasing gas.
There are some easy methods, considered as home treatment of gastric problems. Soups can be taken at least 20 minutes before meals that help in digestion, as they are ideal for replacing liquids and salts, as well as stimulating the production of gastric acid. Drinking water with two three drops of mint essence also help to reduce gastric problem. To prevent acid in digestion, lime juice with cider vinegar in a glass of water can be taken before meals. Ginger tea after meals aids in promoting digestion, while herbal tea prepared using blackberry, raspberry, mint and chamomile helps effective digestion.
Baking soda in a glass of water produces instant relief in gastritis. A pinch of asafetida in buttermilk helps in releasing gas and sucking cloves after meals aids in reducing gas problems as well. A flake of garlic swallowed with water in empty stomach solves gas problems. Soaking little methi in water in the night and drinking it empty stomach in the morning is also an effective remedy for indigestion. Avoidance of wearing tight clothes, a daily walk of about a half an hour, non engagement in active sports immediately after meals regular exercise and most significantly timely meals and good chewing are a few suggestions for keeping indigestion at bay. However, if the problem is acute it is advisable to consult a physician for further treatment of gastric troubles.
The medicines given to treat gastritis reduce stomach acids, which reduce irritation and help, heal lesions and also regulate the speed at which the stomach empties itself, thereby reducing nausea and the risk of reflux. The medicines increase the natural protective coating in the stomach and the intestines, which helps heal lesions and destroy the bacteria that may cause ulcers. Most symptoms of gastric problems usually disappear after only a few days of treatment. It takes four to eight weeks, however, for lesions and ulcers to heal completely. It is vital that patients follow their treatment according to the prescription. If the problems recur following an initial treatment, the doctor may choose to prescribe a more long-term treatment method or alter the treatment approach.
The individual himself can follow the proper treatment of gastric problems, if he can follow certain diet norms. Avoiding excess milk is the first rule. If any of the following foods are increasing your symptoms or distress, decrease their consumption or avoid them altogether: caffeine (coffee, chocolate, colas, and tea) fried or fatty food, alcohol and mint. Sometimes, symptoms may also be aggravated by tomatoes, citrus fruit, other acidic food, and food that are highly spiced. One suffering from this problem should avoid smoking; as nicotine stimulates acid reflux in the esophagus. Smaller meals should be taken with occasional snacks. Aspirin and anti- inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen should be strictly avoided. The head of the bed can be raised by six inches by propping up the legs of the bed with blocks; this will reduce reflux problems while sleeping. One should avoid eating right before going to bed and also the clothes that fit tightly around the waist or abdomen.
Antacids, such as Mylanta II, Maalox II, and Di-Gel, contain simethicone, a foaming agent that joins gas bubbles in the stomach so that gas is more easily belched away. However, these medicines have no effect on intestinal gas. Dosage is given depending on the form of medication and the patient's age.
Over-the-counter antacids in form of liquid or tablet are a common treatment for mild gastritis. Antacids neutralize stomach acid and can thus provide fast pain relief. When antacids don't provide enough relief, medications such as cimetidine, ranitidine, nizatidine or famotidine helps to reduce the amount of acid the stomach produces are often prescribed. An even more effective way to limit stomach acid production is to check the acid "pumps" within acid-secreting stomach cells.
Proton pump inhibitors reduce acid by blocking the action of these small pumps. This class of medications includes omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, and esomeprazole. Proton pump inhibitors also appear to slow down H. pylori activity. Cytoprotective agents are planned to help protect the tissues that line your stomach and small intestine. They include the medications sucralfate and misoprostol. If NSAIDs are prescribed regularly, one of these medications are required to protect the stomach may also be taken.
Another cytoprotective agent is bismuth subsalicylate. It helps in protecting the lining of stomach and intestines. The antibiotic aids in destroying the bacteria that creates Gas, and the acid blocker or proton pump inhibitor relieves pain and nausea, thus healing inflammation, and increasing the antibiotic's effectiveness.
Treatment of gastric problems is also done through several exercise forms and Yoga Asanas
. Most of the people practicing regular exercises face minor gastric problems as compared to others. The treatment process becomes even more complicated if regular intake of fried and heavy food is continued. Self-regulation and exercises are best ways to avoid gastritis.