(Last Updated on : 16/09/2013)
Tamil Nadu Eco Parks serve to protect and conserve the natural resources of the state. The south Indian state of Tamil Nadu
is home to a large variety of Indian wildlife
and hence, there are a number of eco parks in the state to preserve the rich wildlife. Tamil Nadu eco parks are located in the major places of the state and they are quite famous for their extraordinary scenic beauty. Most of the eco parks in Tamil Nadu are working for preserving all the aspects of Indian wildlife like the reptiles, mammals, birds or plants. However, there are a few eco parks that concentrate mainly on preserving certain species like Tigers, Birds etc.
Adyar Eco Park
Adyar Eco Park, also known as Tholkappia Poonga, is situated in Adyar
estuary and was established by the Government of Tamil Nadu. The Eco Park was set up with the aim of restoring the freshwater ecosystem. Tropical dense evergreen forest spans the park and comprises of a vast variety of shrubs
, trees, epiphytes, lianas, tuberous and herbs. Common fauna of this park are Indian flying fox, Indian painted frog, soft shelled turtle
, spotted snakehead and many more. Several endangered species are also found in Adyar Eco Park. A plethora of birds can also be witnessed here including cinnamon bittern, yellow wagtails, pied kingfisher, black-winged stilt, water paddy-birds, blue rock pigeons etc.
Courtallam Eco Park
, in Tamil Nadu, hosts the biggest eco park of the state. Situated amidst the picturesque natural beauty, the major attractions of the park are butterfly garden, bamboo
avenue, adventure-play area, fern garden, sunken garden, rock garden, royal drive, murals, children play area, stream walk and eco pond. Apart from attracting a plethora of tourists, the park also serve as an educational centre for students.
Mudumalai National Park
It is another significant eco park of the state and is also declared as a Tiger Reserve. Several endangered species are sheltered here. Different varieties of reptiles, mammals, birds etc are the inhabitants of this eco park. Mixed vegetation is prevalent in this region. The place has also been declared as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.
Flora and Fauna of Tamil Nadu Eco Parks
Tamil Nadu eco parks are quite rich in natural vegetation and their vegetation comprise of more than 3,000 plant species. Among this huge variety of plant species, a majority is found in the deciduous forests of the Western Ghat
region. The flower species of Kurinji
is one of the most noteworthy flowers found in Tamil Nadu eco parks. This flower blooms once in 12 years. Apart from this, the other plant species that have both medicinal and commercial values include the Cinchona, Palmyra
, Rubber, Sandalwood, etc. Apart from the plant species, Tamil Nadu eco parks also provide habitat to a large number of reptile species like the Turtle
, Crocodiles, Tortoise, Snakes etc.
Eco Parks of Tamil Nadu are home to several varieties of mammal species including the endangered, critically endangered, threatened or endemic ones. Some of the most important mammal species found in these eco parks includes the arboreal animals like Lion Tailed Macaque
, Bonnet Macaque, Common Languor, Nilgiris Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrels
and Grizzled Giant Squirrel. Apart from that, the important ground animals found in the parks include the Tiger, Panther, Elephant
, Gaur, Pangolin
, Spotted Deer
, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Wild Boar
, Sloth Bear, Porcupine
, Nilgiris Tahr, Civet Cat and Taddy Cat etc.
Birds of Tamil Nadu Eco Parks
The number of bird species found in Tamil Nadu eco parks is also quite remarkable and these species also include several endangered, critically endangered, threatened or endemic ones. Most of the bird species are being preserved and nurtured in the bird sanctuaries of Tamil Nadu. Some of the most important and notable bird species found in the Tamil Nadu eco parks include the Racket Tailed Drongo, Black Headed Oriole, Paradise Fly-catcher, Whistling Thrush, Emerald Dove
, Green pigeon, Tickell's Flower Pecker, Rufus Woodpeckers
, Rose Ringed Parakeet, Black Eagle, Great Indian Bustard
, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Fiery Blue Bird and green billed Malkhoha etc.
Apart from being the preserver and protector of the rich flora and fauna species found in the state, Tamil Nadu eco parks are also playing an important role in the tourism sector of the state. The eco parks are counted among the most popular tourist destinations in the state and they attract a large number of tourists from all over the world, every year. Most of the tourists are nature lovers and they mainly come and visit these eco parks for enjoying the extraordinary beauty of nature in Tamil Nadu.