(Last Updated on : 20/06/2014)
Tezpur is located amidst tea gardens and military cantonments on the north bank of the Brahmaputra which is 181-km northeast of Guwahati
. The pleasant little town of Tezpuris surrounded with several lakes that stands on the site of Sonitpur. Undulated green valleys surrounded by hills of Arunachal Pradesh, with snow capped peaks of Himalayas as the northern backdrop, lush green tea gardens and magnificent archaeological ruins have all contributed to make Tezpur a tourist's delight. Literally meaning "full of Blood", it is named after a mythical battle between Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva.
History of Tezpur
Sonitpur, as ancient Tezpur was known in the olden days is a city steeped in mythology, legend and folklore. The City of Blood ('Sonit' of 'Tez' - Blood, 'Pur' - city) conjures up images of the romantic legend of Usha and Aniruddha and of the fierce battle between "Hari" and "Hara". Old Darang became today's Sonitpur - Tezpur being the district Headquarters of Sonitpur.
According to the legend, Darang was the capital of demon King Banasura, an ardent follower of 'Bhairavnath', incarnation of Lord Shiva. Usha, the beautiful daughter of King Bana happened to see her love in her dream. Following the description of Usha, her confidante Chitralekha portrayed it in painting. The lover was none other than Aniruddha, Grandson of Lord Krishna
, King of Dwarka, who was finally found out and the wedding of Usha and Aniruddha took place according to 'Gandharva' tradition.
When it came to the knowledge of Bana he sent Aniruddha to prison. To rescue his grandson Sri Krishna came from Dwarka. In response to the call of his devout Bana, Shiva also came there. When the appeal for rescue failed sword fight ensured between Hari (Lord Krishna) and Hara (Lord Shiva in the form of Banasura), resulted in bloodshed in the entire town.
Since then the town has been named as Sonit or Tezpur meaning "A blood stained town". Bana was vanquished and Usha and Aniruddha were united forever. Usha and Aniruddha settled on the Bamuni hill, 5-km away from the city. The ruins and remains of "Agnigarh" where the immortal romance blossomed still bear mute testimony of this legend.
Along with legends Tezpur also has some historical rock edicts of 829 AD. It had been a major kingdom of Gupta Dynasty who ruled over the area for centuries.
Geography of Tezpur
Tezpur has some of the most fast moving rivers of North east India. Because of terrain these move fiercely toward the foot hill s of Himalayan mountain range. The place experiences severe winter during the month of January. The town is situated beside the river Brahmaputra. Surrounded with some picturesque hillocks this is one of the most artistic towns of Assam.
Education of Tezpur
The central university here is known as Tezpur University. Tezpur also has a number of school, colleges of very high repute. Darrang College, Tezpur College are some of the most prominent ones.
The Assam Valley School is situated at around 15 km from Tezpur. The school was ranked as the 7th best boarding-school in the country in a survey by an independent magazine. Other schools like Sacred Heart High School, Don Bosco High School, St. Joseph's Convent High School, Govt Boys High School, Govt Girls High School, Bengali Boys' H S School, Bengali Girls' High School, Guru Nanak Model School, Tezpur Academy, Children's Paradise School and Carmel Residential School are among the major schools of Tezpur. Along with this the place is also known for the training centres for Indian Army
, and Indian Air force
Culture of Tezpur
Tezpur's contribution to art, culture, literature particularly to the freedom struggle has earned for her a unique niche in the history of Assam. Chandra Kumar Agarwalla, Ananda Agarwalla, Dandi Kalita and a score of others enriched Assasmese literature.
"Rup Konwar" Jyoti Prasad the doyen of Assasmese art and culture was an artist, poet, literature, dramatist, lyricist, filmmaker and a fearless freedom fighter. In 1942, for the first time in entire British India, the Tricolour was hoisted in the police station at Gahpur, a quite town under Sonitpur district. Fourteen-year-old Kanaklata braved British bullets and died holding the national flag aloft over here.
Tourism in Tezpur
Tezpur has some of the most prominent tourist spots. Among them the notables are
Nehru Maidan, Chitralekha Udyan, the Mahabhairav Temple, Agnigarh, Da-Parbatia, Bamuni Hills, the Hazara Pukhuri , Cole Park , Bhalukpong, Eco Camp, Bhomoraguri ,
The Nameri Tiger Reserve, Orang Wildlife Sanctuary and Kaziranga National Park are some places which are scattered in and around Tezpur.
Thus straddling the verdant environs of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam this is one of the picturesque cities of Assam which has wide variety of tourist spots to entertain its visitors.