(Last Updated on : 01/04/2016)
Pataliputra is the ancient name of Patna
. During the reign of Emperor Ashoka
in the third century BC, Pataliputra was the world's largest city, with a population of 150,000-300,000.
Naming of Pataliputra
The city Pataliputra has been known by various names during its more than two millennia long existence-Pataligram, Pataliputra, Kusumpur, Pushpapura, Azimabad, and the present day Patna.
History of Pataliputra
Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador described Pataliputra as the greatest city in India. He said that the city was laid out in the shape of a parallelogram with eighty steps on its long sides, and fifteen stairs on the shorter sides. A wooden wall surrounded the city. This wall had 570 towers and 64 gates. Beyond the wall was a deep trench, which was used for defence and as a sewage system.
Geography of Pataliputra
Pataliputra is stretched out along the south bank of the Ganga River
. The Ganduk River empties into the Ganga from the north at Pataliputra, and the Son River
enters the Ganga from the south, some miles to the west of the city. A smaller river, the Punpun, also enters the Ganga from the south at Pataliputra. Because of the city's location near the confluence of three large rivers, trade has always been an important part of its economy.
Tourism in Pataliputra
Pataliputra has many tourist spots. Some of the places of interest are Hanuman Mandir which is situated in front of the Patna city, Agam Kuan, the unfathomable well that dates back to the time of King Ashoka. Kumhrar, the site of the ruins of Pataliputra. Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb, consecrates the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh. State Secretariat Building and its Clock Tower is an example of early British art style. Phulwari Shareef Patna Planetorium Moin-Ul-Haque Stadium the second largest cricket ground in India. Golghar is the oldest British buildings in Patna. Patna Museum
has a fine collection of stone and bronze sculptures and terracotta figures of Hindu and Buddhist artists.
Didarganj Yakshi is the most prized collection of this museum. Begu Hajjam's mosque Pathar ki Masjid built by the elder brother of Shah Jehan. Qila House that is famous for its jade collection, Chinese paintings and other far eastern work of art, Collected by Diwan Bahadur Radhakrishan Jalan. Sadaqat Ashram is located on the banks of the Ganga River. Zoological and Botanical garden Padri Ki Haveli, deemed to be the oldest church in Bihar dating back to 1772 Gandhi Maidan called the Patna Lawns during the rule of British East India Company
and later the British Government in India
. Nagholkothi is an example of unique architecture with beautiful garden of Mughal style.