Kalibangan, Rajasthan, Ancient Cities of Indus Valley Civilization - Informative & researched article on Kalibangan, Rajasthan, Ancient Cities of Indus Valley Civilization
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Cities

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Ancient History of India > Indus Valley Civilisation > Cities of Indus valley > Kalibangan
Kalibangan, Rajasthan, Ancient Cities of Indus Valley Civilization
Kalibangan in Rajasthan is one of the ancient cities of Indus valley civilisation.
 Kalibangan, Rajasthan, Ancient Cities of Indus Valley CivilizationKalibangan is the third excavated city of Harappan sites and the earliest town destroyed by earthquake. Excavated between 1960-61 and 1968-69, this ancient city of Indus valley civilisation is located on the bank of the dry bed of the Ghaggar. The name of this city has been derived from two words: Kali and bhangan. Kali means black and bhangan means bangle. Kalibangan was, in fact, named after the myriad pieces of terracotta bangles excavated here. In modern India, this city is located in Rajasthan and provides ample evidence about the history of this West Indian state.

Kalibangan comprises two mounds: a small mound is located in the western direction and the larger mound is situated in the east with an open space in between them. The excavations revealed that the western mound was a fortified enclosure with rectangular salients and towers. This was further partitioned into two units by an inner wall with stairways on either side for movement between the two units. The southern unit had a flight of stairs that acted as the passage for movement between the two units. Besides these evidences of several mud-brick platforms, probably with structures on them, were also found. Although these have disappeared but seven fire-altars in a row have been on the top of one of the platforms have survived the ravages of time.

The surviving structures at Kalibangan demonstrate the use of clay and terracotta cakes associated with ash and charcoal in building them. Besides these there are few bath-pavements and a well. The presence of such buildings suggests that this place was probably being used for rituals. On the other hand the buildings inside the northern units indicate that they were possibly used for residential purposes and it was the people living there who performed several kinds of rituals. A mud brick wall of 3 to 3.9 metres wide was found in the northern section in a box-like fashion with mud filling inside.

Five streets in Kalibangan have been excavated. These streets are 1.8 to 7.2 m wide and were paved with terracotta nodules in the late phase and had occasionally street-fenders at the turnings. Most of the houses in this ancient city had fire altars. The dimensions of the rooms in these houses were more or less similar. There were 70-75 cm wide single-leaf doors. Oblong troughs made of mud-bricks in some courtyards were also found that suggest the feeding of cattle. Apart from these five more fire altars were found in an isolated structure, suggesting that the place was probably used for religious purposes.

In contemporary India, one of the most significant places to visit in Kalibangan is the Kalibangan Archaeological Museum. There are several relics displayed in the museum that narrate the story of this ancient city.

(Last Updated on : 19/07/2013)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Cities of Indus valley  (2)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Cities
Nisar is the census town and it is located in the Dhanbad district of the state of Bihar.
Tira Sujanpur
Tira Sujanpur is a town in Hamirpur District in Himachal Pradesh.
Salooni is a place in Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh, where one can find the landscape beauty in this state.
Pangi is a city in Himachal Pradesh
Santokhgarh is a city in Una District of Himachal Pradesh. This city in Himachal Pradesh is famous for its temples and the hospitals.
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
Kalibangan, Rajasthan, Ancient Cities of Indus Valley Civilization - Informative & researched article on Kalibangan, Rajasthan, Ancient Cities of Indus Valley Civilization
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.