(Last Updated on : 08/05/2017)
Guwahati in Kamrup District
is a major city in the North eastern part of India. It is situated on the left bank of the Brahmaputra River
. The town is located in the district of Kamrupa. Guwahati is among the fastest growing cities of India and in the recent years it has experienced development as well expansion. In terms of education and commercial activities the city is an important centre.
Rather it can be said that the city is an important hub of the north-eastern region of the country. Guwahati has derived its name from two Assamese words namely "guwa" meaning "areca nut" and "haat" meaning a "market place". Guwahati hosts various wildlife sanctuaries such as Asian elephant
, tigers, rhinoceros
, gaurs, primate species and endangered birds
History of Guwahati
History of Guwahati dates back to old days. Sometimes it is assumed that Guwahati is one of the ancient cities of Asia. The Ambari excavations which are found in the city trace the origin of the city to 6th century AD. The city has witnessed control of several historical dynasties including the Pala Dynasty
, the Mughal Dynasty
and a lot more. In fact it can be said that Guwahati an important city of Assam
has a long history which is cherished even in the present age.
Geography of Guwahati
Geography of Guwahati defines that to the south-west lies Dipor Bil
, with no prominent inflows apart from monsoon run-off from the hills that lie to the south of the lake
. The lake drains into the Brahmaputra River to the north, and acts as a natural storm water reservoir for the city
Demography of Guwahati
Demography of Guwahati shows that the percentage of child population is 9.40 percent. The average literacy rate is stated to be 91.47 percent with male literacy at 94.24 percent and female literacy at 88.50 percent. The sex ratio has been recorded to be 933 females per 1000 males and child sex ratio to be 940 girls per 1000 boys.
Economy of Guwahati
The economy of Guwahati contributes largely to the economy of Assam
. The chief economic activities of the region are trade and commerce and transportation and services. Guwahati is considered an important hub of entire north-eastern region
. It is an important whole sale and retail zone of the country.
Education of Guwahati
There are many institutes of repute which caters to the need of city's higher education. The Guwahati University
, the century old Cotton
s College, the Indian Institute of Technology in Guwahati
ranks the sixth in the entire country. Besides all these institutes there are several other educational institutes which serves the educational need of the city.
Tourism in Guwahati
There are several ancient temples
, natural beauties,wild life sanctuaries
, hill stations
and Guwahati stands amidst a colourful landscape. Some of the notable places of tourist interest in the city are the Kamakhya Temple
, Umananda Temple
, Navagraha Temple
, Janardan Temple
, Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalashetra, Guwhati Zoo
, Temple of Pandunath and Madan Kamdev