(Last Updated on : 07/02/2015)
Asansol is one of the most culturally and ethnically diverse places in the Indian state of West Bengal. There are millions of inhabitants in Asansol, where the place is embellished with rich bituminous and lignite coal fields. Asansol is a coal mining-industrial centre. It is the second largest city in West Bengal
History of Asansol
Asansol was inhabited by the Dravidian and Austroloids in the beginning. Around two thousand five hundred years ago, it became the centre for Jain activity. Lord Mahavira
Vardhamana, the last Tirthankar of Jain religion worked here for some time. During those time the district came to be known as Bardhaman. In later years the area became part of Vishnupur Kingdom. Asansol witnessed the rule of different kingdoms at different points of time.
Geography of Asansol
Asansol, a city in the Indian state of West Bengal lies on Gondwana rocks between two mighty rivers, the Damodar and Ajay. A small rivulet, Nunia, flows past Asansol.
The climate of Asansol changes during the four main seasons. There are four seasons at Asansol as summer, rainy spring, autumn and winter. The autumn season of Asansol is very short. In summer, Asansol experiences a hot and humid weather. On summer nights, the weather is usually a lot cooler with a cool summer breeze. In the early summer, there are thunderstorms. Between June and September, the entire state of West Bengal experiences a monsoon.
Culture of Asansol
Asansol is located in one of the most culturally and ethnically diverse states in the entire country of India. There are a number of people at Asansol who come from different ethnicities and religions. All these people live together in harmony. The majority of the people living here speak Bengali. The people are found of dancing as well as watching movies and films.
Demography of Asansol
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, Asnasol has 564,491 people; of which male and female are 293,748 and 270,743 respectively. Although Asansol city has population of 564,491; its urban-metropolitan population is 1,243,008 of which 647,831 are males and 595,177 are females. In education section, the total literates in Asansol city are 431,300 of which 236,683 are males while 194,617 are females. The average literacy rate of Asansol city is 84.82 percent of which male and female literacy was 89.52 and 79.73 percent.
Education of Asansol
The people of Asansol give much importance to education. There are a number of colleges and schools in Asansol that provide quality education. There are four colleges, an engineering college, one pharmacy college and two polytechnics centre at Asansol. The important schools of Asansol are Ramakrishna Mission, Manimala Girls, Eastern Railways High School, Dyanand Anglo Vedic Higher Secondary School, St. Patrick's Higher Secondary School, St. Vincent's High and Technical School, Loreto Convent, Assembly of God Church School, The Eastern Railway School, Subhaspalli Bidyaniketan and Burnpur Riverside School are some prominent schools.
Economy of Asansol
There are a number of coal and steel industries at Asansol. The industrial growth of Asansol has taken place since the opening up of the Indian economy in 1991. Asansol is in the heart of the coal country. One of the major industries of Asansol is the IISCO Steel Plant of SAIL. The Ranigunj Coalfields covers an area of 1530 sq km and is spread over four districts of West Bengal - Bardhaman, Birbhum, Bankura and Purulia. Superior quality non-coking coal is mined in the region. The entire export of coal from the country is being done from Ranigunj coalfields.
Administration of Asansol
Asansol is a corporation administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation. It was in 1885 that the municipality was approved.
Transportation of Asansol
The NH2 runs across the subdivision. The bypass at Asansol avoids traffic in the congested areas of Asansol, Neamatpur, Kulti and River Barakar
. The railway track from Kolkata
passes through the area. It bifurcates into the main line and the grand chord line, at Sitarampur railway junction.