(Last Updated on : 13/05/2017)
Asansol is a culturally and ethnically diverse place in Paschim Bardhaman District
of West Bengal
. Asansol is developed by the many industries of both secondary and tertiary sectors.
Naming of Asansol
Asansol is derived from the "Asan" a species of tree which generally grows in Asansol. It is 30 meters tall and is found on the banks of Damodar River
. "Sol"is referred as the land.
History of Asansol
Asansol was inhabited by the Dravidian
and Austroloids in the beginning. Around two 2500 years ago, it became the centre for Jain activity. Lord Mahavira
Vardhamana, the last Tirthankara
of Jain religion
worked here for some time. In later years the area became part of Vishnupur Kingdom. Asansol witnessed the rule of different kingdoms like Malla
and Maratha Empire
Geography of Asansol
Asansol is located in between the two mighty rivers
, the Damodar River and Ajay River
. Asansol is located on the lower Chota Nagpur Plateau
. A small rivulet, Nunia River, flows past Asansol.
Climate of Asansol
The climate of Asansol changes during the four main seasons. There are four seasons at Asansol as summer, rainy spring, autumn and winter. The autumn season of Asansol is very short. In summer, Asansol experiences a hot and humid weather. On summer nights, the weather is usually a lot cooler with a cool summer breeze. In the early summer, there are thunderstorms. Between June and September, the entire state of West Bengal experiences a monsoon
Demography of Asansol
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, Asnasol has 564,491 people; of which male and female are 293,748 and 270,743 respectively. Although Asansol city has population of 564,491; its urban-metropolitan population is 1,243,008 of which 647,831 are males and 595,177 are females. In education section, the total literates in Asansol city are 431,300 of which 236,683 are males while 194,617 are females. The average literacy rate of Asansol city is 84.82 percent of which male and female literacy was 89.52 and 79.73 percent.
Education of Asansol
There are a number of colleges and schools in Asansol that provide quality education. There are four colleges, an engineering college, one pharmacy college and two polytechnics centre at Asansol.
Administration of Asansol
Asansol is administered by Asansol Municipal Corporation. Asansol-Durgapur
Development Authority (ADDA) was established to develop the urban areas of Asansol.
Economy of Asansol
There are a number of coal and steel industries at Asansol. Indian Iron and Steel Company Ltd
, Eastern Coalfields
, Chittaranjan Locomotive Works at Chittaranjan, Dishergarh Power Supply, Damodar Valley Corporation
and many others are the popular industries in Asansol.
Culture of Asansol
Culture of Asansol is associated with urban life of both West Bengal and Jharkhand. The people of Jharkhand
used to reside there.
Tourism in Asansol
Sacred Heart Church, Kalyaneshwari Temple
, Ghagar Buri Chandi Temple, Begunia, Baba Chandrachur Temple, Jagannath Temple
, Town Puja Complex, Saint Anthony's Church, Burnpur Nehru Park, Indian National Army
Memorial, Maithon Dam
, Panorama Resort and Water Park are the prominent tourism destinations.
Asansol is connected with all the popular cities of India. This city is connected with Andal
and Durgapur with railheads, roadways and airways. Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport
at Andal is the nearest domestic airport.