(Last Updated on : 17/04/2009)
Asansol is one of the most culturally and ethnically diverse places in the entire country of India. There are millions of inhabitants in Asansol. Asansol is a coal mining-industrial centre. It is the second largest city in West Bengal.
History of Asansol
Asansol was inhabited by the Dravidian and Austroloids in the beginning. Around two thousand five hundred years ago, it became the centre for Jain activity. Mahavira Vardhamana, the last Tirthankar of Jain religion worked here for some time. During those time the district came to be known as Bardhaman.
In later years the area became part of Vishnupur Kingdom.Asansol witnessed the rule of different kingdoms at different points of time.
Geography of Asansol
Asansol, a city in the Indian state of West Bengal lies on Gondwana rocks between two mighty rivers, the Damodar and Ajay. A small rivulet, Nunia, flows past Asansol.
The climate of Asansol changes during the four main seasons. There are four seasons at Asansol as summer, rainy spring, autumn and winter. The autumn season of Asansol is very short. In summer, Asansol experiences a hot and humid weather. On summer nights, the weather is usually a lot cooler with a cool summer breeze. In the early summer, there are thunderstorms. Between June and September, the entire state of West Bengal experiences a monsoon.
Culture of Asansol
Asansol is located in one of the most culturally and ethnically diverse states in the entire country of India. There are a number of people at Asansol who come from different ethnicities and religions. All these people live together in harmony. The majority of the people living here speak Bengali. The people are found of dancing as well as watching movies and films.
Demography of Asansol
As per 2001 census, the population of Asansol is 486,304. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. The literacy rate of Asansol is 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 57% of the males and 43% of the females of Asansol are literate.
Education of Asansol
The people of Asansol give much importance to education. There are a number of colleges and schools in Asansol that provide quality education. There are four colleges, an engineering college, one pharmacy college and two polytechnics centre at Asansol.
The important schools of Asansol are Ramakrishna Mission, Manimala Girls, Eastern Railways High School, Dyanand Anglo Vedic Higher Secondary School, St. Patrick`s Higher Secondary School, St. Vincent`s High and Technical School, Loreto Convent, Assembly of God Church School, The Eastern Railway School, Subhaspalli Bidyaniketan and Burnpur Riverside School are some prominent schools.
Economy of Asansol
There are a number of coal and steel industries at Asansol. The industrial growth of Asansol has taken place since the opening up of the Indian economy in 1991.
Asansol is in the heart of the coal country. One of the major industries of Asansol is the IISCO Steel Plant of SAIL. The Ranigunj Coalfields covers an area of 1530 sq km and is spread over four districts of West Bengal - Bardhaman, Birbhum, Bankura and Purulia. Superior quality non-coking coal is mined in the region. The entire export of coal from the country is being done from Ranigunj coalfields.
Government and politics of Asansol
Asansol is a corporation administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation. It was in 1885 that the municipality was approved.
Transportation of Asansol
The NH2 runs across the subdivision. The bypass at Asansol avoids traffic in the congested areas of Asansol, Neamatpur, Kulti and Barakar. The railway track from
Kolkata to Delhi passes through the area. It bifurcates into the main line and the grand chord line, at Sitarampur railway junction.
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