(Last Updated on : 03/01/2018)
Tribes of Assam are the aborigines of the land who have inhabited the area for ages. They are often recognised as the first inhabitants of the land who belong to various tribal
groups. Major tribes of Assam earn their livelihood through agriculture
and by selling their handicrafts
Different Tribes of Assam
is largely populated by the Tibeto-Burmese tribal race that forms the Bodo tribe
and Mishing tribe
. The tribes of Assam include a number of tribes namely; Chakma
, Jaintia, Khamti tribes
, some Kuki tribes
, Barmans in Cachar, Deori, Hojai, Kachari, Sonwal, Lalung, Mech, Rabha
who form the core of Tribal community
: Deori tribe
is a major part of tribal community of Assam. They are settled in the districts
, Sibsagar and Lakhimpur
: They are considered to have reached the Brahmaputra valley via Tibet or southern China and settled in the foothills of the eastern Himalayan range which includes the whole of Assam, Tripura, North Bengal and parts of Bangladesh.
: Karbi tribes
are found in the hilly areas of Assam. Their domain is Karbi Anglong district
. Some are also found in North Cachar Hills District
and Lakhimpur districts of Assam
. This community initially settled in the Khasi
and Jaintia hills
from where they slowly migrated to other areas.
: Mishing tribes are also called Miri by the local people. They are supposed to be a branch of Adi tribes
of Arunachal Pradesh
, who came down to Assam as a result of inter-tribal feuds. They are mainly concentrated in Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar
, Jorhat, Golaghat, Darrang
, Sonitpur, North-Lakhimpur and Dhemagi
: Dimasa tribes
are another group of tribal community found in Assam which represents an example of Patri-matrilineal tribe. They are mostly found in the North Cachar district
and Karbi along districts of Assam.
: The Bodo tribes are supposed to be the earliest tribes of the land. They are scattered in all parts of Assam and are largely found as the workers in the tea
plantation. As the Bodos are the oldest tribal group, they bear distinct cultural trends which mark them separately.
: Phake tribes reside in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam, along Dihing River
. Phake tribe are said to have come here from Thailand in the late 18th century and speak Assamese language
as well as Phake language.
: One of the Scheduled Tribes
in the districts of Assam, the Rabhas are widely scattered but mostly concentrated on Goalpara
, Kamrup and Darrang. The Rabhas believe in evil spirits
and perform special pujas
to appease the demons