(Last Updated on : 08/07/2013)
Indian timber trees are found extensively in the subcontinent. These plant species are often referred to as the fancy trees as they are widely used in making lavish furniture. The Indian timber trees, such as, teak, sandalwood, sal, seesham and several others hugely contribute to the agro-forestry system as well. There are over 150 species of timber produced in India. The timber production is carried on in different Indian states and thus their usages also vary. Indian states like Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are well known for their timber cultivation.
Timber trees are also utilised in day-to-day life as well. Species like Babul is used for making the wheels of bullock cart, tool handles, agricultural instruments, and well curbs. Bakul is grown in North India and is reddish brown in colour. It is used for making cabinets. Bamboo, though not a tree, but a woody grass, is a form of timber that is grown throughout India and used for scaffoldings and temporary bridges so forth. Timber tree has its species growing in almost every corner of the subcontinent. Banyan again is a species whose aerial roots are utilized for tent poles and well curbs.
Benteak species of timber grows in South India and can be used for building constructions, boat building and furniture. Parts of Uttar Pradesh and Orissa are also popular for timber trees. Coconut is also a timber species found throughout coastal India and is used as poles, piles, furniture and formwork in concrete construction. Indian timber trees are also found in extreme Himalayas and neighboring states. For instance, deodar is used for making railway sleepers, cheap furniture, packing boxes, railway carriages, structural work and so forth.
The Indian timber trees are found all across the nation with varied characteristics and utility. The features of these are so distinct that there is hardly any timber tree in India that goes without any use.