Intelligence about the threat of the mutiny led to a number of important war- time measures introduced in India, including the passages of Ingress into India Ordinance, 1914, the Foreigners act 1914, and the Defence of India Act 1915. The conspiracy was followed by the trials of First Lahore Conspiracy and the Benares Conspiracy, which saw death sentences awarded to a number of Indian revolutionaries, and exile to a number of others.
Overview of Lahore Conspiracy Case 1915
The trials for the Lahore Conspiracy case of 1915 were held in Lahore, where a special tribunal was constituted under the Defence of India Act 1915. A total 291 conspirators were put on trial, out of which 42 were sentenced to die including Kartar Singh Sarabha, 114 were sent to the Cellular Jail and 93 were given varying terms of punishment. The remaining 42 defendants in the trial were acquitted.
Following the end of the trial, diplomatic efforts were made like the recommendation of the Rowlatt Act to destroy the Indian revolutionary movement. The after effects of the Lahore Conspiracy Case also saw the initiation of the Hindu German Conspiracy trial in the United States. Another repercussion of the Lahore trial was the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which was done fearing a second Ghadrite uprising in Punjab in 1919.
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