Paramatma, Supreme Spirit - Informative & researched article on Paramatma, Supreme Spirit
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Purans

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Purans > Indian Puranas > Indian Mythological Personalities > Paramatma
Paramatma, Supreme Spirit
Paramatma is a name of Lord Vishnu, meaning `supreme spirit`.
 In the Hindu Puranas Paramatma, Supreme Spirit is located in the heart of every individual or jiva in the macrocosmThe word Paramatma is formed from two words, param, meaning `supreme` and atman meaning individual spirit or soul or self.

In the Hindu Puranas, Paramatma or Paramatman is the Supreme Soul or Spirit. Paramatma is one of the aspects of Brahman or Bhagavan. This is the divine self or the one object and is located in the heart of every individual or jiva in the macrocosm.

In Rigveda and Upanishads, Atman and Paramatma are compared to two birds sitting like friends on a tree. Atman eats its fruits, that is karma and Paramatma only observes his friend as a witness that is sakshi of his actions.

Paramatma is beyond knowledge and ignorance, devoid of all material attributes. In the Vaishnava texts for instance, in the Bhagavata Gita, Paramatma it is described as four-armed Lord Vishnu dwelling in the hearts of all beings and in every atom of matter. He is the administrator and the controller of their actions. He reminds the being how to act according to his advancement. Paramatma is different from five elements or mahabhutas, senses, mind, pradhana and jiva.

Brahma Kumaris visualize Paramatma as a point of lightIn the modern times the word Paramatma is universally used to refer to the Almighty, the God, interchangeably with Iswara or the Supreme Lord and Bhagavan. The word `Paramatma` perpetually summons the concept of the infinite, non-corporeal God in a monotheistic sense to today`s Hindus, even though Bhagavan etc. may be applied as epithets to many Devas or the demi-gods of Hinduism. Some, like the sect of Brahma Kumaris, like to visualize Paramatma as a point of light.

In Advaita philosophy, there is a different concept of Paramatma. Here individual souls are called Jivatman, and the Highest Brahman is called Paramatma. The Jivatman and the Paramatma become one and the same when the Jivatman achieves the true knowledge of the Brahman.

This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to

(Last Updated on : 29/03/2010)
More Articles in Indian Mythological Personalities  (112)
Mithila  (15)
Divodasa  (2)
Kusa  (1)
Nripanjaya  (1)
Nishadas  (1)
Sunahotra  (1)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Purans
Episodes In Ramayana
Episodes in Ramayana elaborately describe all the incidents before the birth of Lord Rama and his brother till the last days of Rama in the world. In between, there are several descriptions of some of the great personalities of Ramayana apart from Lord Rama like, Hanuman, Sugriba, Vivishan, Ravana, and of course Sita.
Regions of Hell
Regions of Hell are classified according to Hindu cosmology, which are located under the Earth.
Manas, Spirit
Manas or Spirit in Rig Veda is a hymn which is written to recall the passing spirit of a human being during death.
Hymns of Rig Veda
Hymns of Rig Veda or the Vedic Hymns in Rig Veda or Suktas are mainly composed in the praise of Gods to bestow the human beings with worldly pleasures.
Daksha is a renowned Prajapati, who was born from the thumb of Brahma.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Indian Purans
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Paramatma, Supreme Spirit - Informative & researched article on Paramatma, Supreme Spirit
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.