(Last Updated on : 16/05/2014)
Panchagavya or 'Panchakavya' is a Sanskrit
term which is the blend of five products obtained from cow. This concoction involves five different products of cow like cow dung
, cow urine
, cow milk
, cow ghee
. Such ingredients are mixed in a perfect ratio and the mixture obtained is permitted to undergo fermentation. The water of tender coconut
, groundnut cake
and yeast are employed to create this unique mixture called Panchagavya, which can be utilized as a powerful organic pesticide. Panchagavya is among the traditional products that are used in various Hindu rituals
from ancient periods in India. The usage of Panchagavya is also known as 'cowpathy treatment' which is essential component of Ayurvedic medicine and possesses religious importance especially to the Hindus. Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia of India has asserted about the quality standards of Panchagavya.
Ingredients of Panchagavya
Panchagavya must be prepared with the aide of some significant ingredients like jaggery, cow urine, ripe bananas, cow curd, water
of tender coconuts and cow ghee.
Cow dung has an antiseptic property. It also has anti-bacterial and fungicidal properties. According to old Hindu Ayurvedic science, the cow dung is mixed with waters and then the filtrate is taken out of the suspension, which is the main ingredient of the skin ointments that is effective in case of serious skin problems like eczema
The cow urine is also sold in the market under the level 'Gift of the Cow'. It has also medicinal properties. As per Ayurveda, cow's urine is considered as one of the fundamental ingredients of many Ayurvedic medicines as this has some medicinal properties.
As per Ayurveda, cow milk provides special and unique nutrition, which cannot be derived from any other type of food. Cow milk must be digested properly to nourish all the tissues. It also promotes balanced emotions as well as balances all the 'Ayurvedic doshas
'. This is also an important food
that enhances 'Ojas', the force that maintain life.
According to Ayurveda, the cow ghee is believed to be the best for human consumption. It has much nutritive qualities and is an ideal diet for the heart patients, who suffer from the cholesterol problem in the blood. The regular consumption of cow ghee enhances physical and mental strength, maintains healthy body and increases the potency of the body. Cow ghee has nutritive value also and also helps in taking out the impurities from the body. The cow ghee enhances eyesight; maintain the health of muscles and tendons and keeps the bones stout but flexible.
Curd or Dahi
Curd is another by-product of cow milk
. In Sanskrit the curd is called 'Dahi'. The ancient Ayurveda specialists of India like 'Charaka' and 'Sushruta
' have described the qualities and usefulness of curd. In many diseases curd is used due to its therapeutic value. The curd has been described as the tonic. It has got the properties that prevent premature aging. Curd cures the patients of diarrhea and dysentery
. In chronic specific and non-specific colitis
the curd is also very helpful.
Procedure of Making Panchagavya
Cow ghee and cow-dung must be mixed effectively during the morning as well as evening and kept for a period of 3 days. Water is added to cow urine after about 3 days and retained for 15 days, after it is thoroughly mixed during mornings and evenings. The other ingredients should be mixed for another 15 days and eventually within 30 days the final mixture of Panchagavya would be ready. It is then preserved in a wide-mouthed earthen vessel, out in the open air.
The contents of Panchagavya must be stirred slowly twice a day and it should be kept in a shaded place. Prior to its usage on animals
, one may dilute it.
Usage of Panchagavya
Panchagavya is used as the traditional method to prevent and safeguard plants and micro organisms, which increases plant production. Panchagavya is applied more efficiently and profitably as fertilizer that substitutes the chemical spray. The modified version of Panchagavya, which is a unique liquid organic fertilizer, used for organic farming and this has been standardized by experimental trials. Plantations of sugarcane
are sprayed with Panchagavya. Some Ayurvedic practitioners claim that cow urine is a beneficial treatment for treating some types of cancer.