(Last Updated on : 12/11/2016)
Costumes of Rajasthan
are exceptionally lively, reflecting the spirit of the people and the culture of the region. The clothes worn by the people of Rajasthan are designed keeping in mind the climate and conditions in which they live. Costumes and jewellery
of these desert
people are not mere ornaments for them. Everything from head-to-toe including the turbans, clothes, jewellery and even the footwear establish the identity, religion
and the economic and social status of the population of Rajasthan.
Costumes of Rajasthan for Men
, Kamarbandh or Patka (waistband) form an integral part of a Rajasthani males attire.
Pagri: The turban or Pagri is a significant piece of costume. The style of the turban with its colour and the way in which it is worn holds a stature of special significance to the people of Rajasthan as it is symbolic of the caste and region to which a person belongs. Turbans of Rajasthan come in many different shapes, sizes and colours. Moreover, there are specific turbans for specific occasions as well.
Angarkha: Angarkha, which can be loosely translated as Body Protector, is a garment which is mostly made of cotton. When there are occasions of celebration and festivities in the region, people can be seen wearing printed Angarkhas of popular tie and dye method. The two principal kinds of Angarkhas which are common to Rajasthanis are, Kamari Angarkha and the Long Angarkha. While the former type is styled like a frock and reaches till the waist the latter is longer and goes beyond the knees.
Dhoti: Dhotis are used to cover the lower part of the body. A dhoti is a piece of cloth which measures 4m by 1m and requires quite a bit of practice to be worn properly. The Dhotis are used as regular wears which are usually white in colour. However on special occasions people also wear silk Dhotis with zari border.
Patka: Patka was a garment worn by people of upper classes and royal families made out of cotton cloth which measured about 1.5 m by 1 m. It was traditionally kept on the shoulders or worn around the waist to tuck in the weapons during medieval times.
With changing times, the traditional style of dressing has also undergone a sea change. The Rajasthani man is often seen to dress in the urban garb of trousers and a shirt, or, sometimes, in an attractive combination of both urban and traditional garments teamed up together.
Costumes of Rajasthan for Women
The Rajasthani females attire includes Ghaghra-Choli
Ghagra: Most of the Rajasthani women wear the Ghagra which is a long skirt that reaches up to the ankle having a narrow waist which increases in width and flares towards the base. The width and the number of pleats in the Ghaghra are said to symbolise the wealth of a person.
Odhni: The Odhni is a specialty of Rajasthani costume. It is a long piece of cloth whose one corner of the Odhni is tucked in the skirt while the other end is taken over the head and right shoulder. The colours and motifs which are found on the Odhnis are particular to caste, type of costume and occasion. Both Hindu and Muslim women wear Odhnis. An Odhni with a yellow background and a central lotus motif in red called a Pila is a traditional gift of parent to their daughter on the birth of a son.
Nowadays, the traditional costume of the Rajasthani women is almost in a state of transition. The women are opting for new fabrics, designs and accessories.
Royal Costumes of Rajasthan
Royal costumes in Rajasthan reflect the regal taste of the aristocratic hierarchy. The rich and luxurious dresses that were created for the royalty were made under the careful attention of special departments that were in charge of royal costume. The Rajput
kings always dressed up in their most colourful and formal best.
Footwear of Rajasthan
The shoes, created from sheep, goat or camel
skin are known as Jootis
or Mojaris. The shoes, for men and women, are crafted with delicate embroidery upon brocade or velvet, pasted on the exterior surface of the shoe.
Accessories of Rajasthan
The jewelleries of Rajasthan
are uniquely styled and embellished with emeralds
and other precious stones. Amongst men, earrings
, paired with gold chain
or a pearl necklace
or silver Hansli, a thick bracelet worn around the neck is common. Earlier they used to wear brass jewellery
, but now use silver or white metal ornaments.