(Last Updated on : 12/09/2013)
The cotton saris of Andhra Pradesh have a rich variety. The best known in cotton is gadiwal, wainarpati, nainder and venkatagiri. The gaidwal and wainarpati have a thick cotton body, often worked in checks with a contrasting rich silk border and pallu worked in gold. Nainder used to be famous for its very fine quality cotton saris richly worked in gold thread, with a broad contrasting silk and gold border. The effect was further enriched by weaving a combination of gold and silver.Venkatagiri specialises in weaving superfine pure cotton sarees, enriched with gold thread motifs woven in jamdani technique. The motifs are stylized parrots, asharfis (gold coins), and stylized leaf-forms, woven half in gold and half in cotton threads.The Venkatgiri fine cotton saris of AP are ideal for summers. These saris are mainly in off-white colour and decorated with dull golden motifs.
Andhra Pradesh is also famous for Ponduru Khadi, which is obtained from wild variety of cotton. Ponduru is a Village and Mandal in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is about 20 kilometers from Srikakulam Town.Ponduru is world renowned for Fine Khadi, a symbol of India's independence. The entire process of manufacture - from separation of the cotton to the spinning is done by hand. The villagers take pride in their knowledge that no advanced machanised technology can replicate.The Ponduru Khadi is used in shirting and furnishings.