Crafts of Bihar - Informative & researched article on Crafts of Bihar
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Crafts

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Crafts|Indian Monuments|Indian Dances|Indian Festivals|Indian Paintings|Indian Photography|Indian Sculpture
Home > Art & Culture > Indian Crafts > Crafts of Indian States > Crafts of Bihar
Crafts of Bihar
The crafts of Bihar have their own patterns,designs and style. Several generations have kept their craft in the state.
More on Crafts of Bihar (2 Articles)
 Crafts of BiharThe first thing, which comes to mind when speaking of crafts of Bihar is the Sujini, which are traditional, quilts made in Bihar. The embroidery on the quilt is done in running stitch in a scale pattern, which depicts village scenes such as peacocks dancing, boys flying kite etc. The appliqué work of Bihar is called Khatwa, which is used in decorative tents, canopies, shamianas etc. The appliqué designs for tents are Persian type trees, flowers, animals and birds.

Painting in Bihar has been unique and is known as Madhubani art. It is an exquisite cave painting, which defines itself in symbolic motifs such as Durga, Radha, Krishna, Shiva and Parvati. The colours used in the paintings are vibrant red, yellow and green to ochre, brown and black. Local artists of Madhubani village on walls do the paintings on paper and cloths.

One of the ancient crafts of Bihar is the wood inlay. The inlays are done with different materials like metal, ivory and stag horn. Marvellous pieces of trays, boxes and other articles for households are produced using this craft. It is a very colourful craft.

Lac has been used in Bihar for centuries, and lacquer ware is a traditional craft of the state. One of the ancient items is the round conical box in which the bride's parents present her with a nose ring at the time of marriage which has interesting symbols of fertility and longevity inscribed on its red body. The other colourful and ornamental articles are chapatti boxes and dry fruit containers.

Stonecraft of Bihar is evident from the ancient sculptures of the Mauryan period. The notable stoneware place in Bihar is Patharkatti in Gaya district. Chandil and Karaikalla in Singhbum district and Dumka in Santhal parganas work on magnificently grained greenish black soapstone.

The glasswork of Bihar is a popular craft, which is exported abroad. This craft has gone down with time. Traditional pictures made on the walls of the houses are highly decorative and attractive which are made of glass with gold or silver pieces to fill up the entire picture. A number of articles are made this way are boxes, trays, table tops and mats. The chou dance of the Seraikala region of Bihar uses masks. The masks bear the rich historical past of the state.

In Bihar, the printed textiles are a very good example of craft and it is usually done on cotton, wool and silk. Bhagalpur, Bihar Sharif, Darbhanga, Saran and Patna are famous fro this craft. There is a printing sector in North Bihar where only mica (khari) printing is done.

The tradition of carpet making in Bihar dates back to the Buddhist and the Mauryan period. Though this craft is on the decline it continues to produce the old designs based on the Indo-Persian style.

(Last Updated on : 11/11/2014)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Crafts of Indian States  (104)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Crafts
Medieval Indian Crafts
The medieval era patronized the Indian craft and encouraged the creation of fusion of craft.
Metal Embroidery
Metal embroidery is quite famous in Rajasthan that has introduced many variations in the modern embroidery work.
Bamboo Mats
Bamboo mats, an item made out of bamboo, are widely used and several other articles are created from it.
Leather Craft in Rajasthan
Leather Craft comprise of souvenirs, handbags, lampshades, flasks, water pots, perfume vases and trendy jewellery boxes.
Forum on Indian Crafts
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Art & Culture
Crafts of Bihar - Informative & researched article on Crafts of Bihar
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.