(Last Updated on : 13/05/2011)
The first thing, which comes to mind when speaking of crafts of Bihar is the Sujini, which are traditional, quilts made in Bihar. The embroidery on the quilt is done in running stitch in a scale pattern, which depicts village scenes such as peacocks dancing, boys flying kite etc. The appliqué work of Bihar is called Khatwa, which is used in decorative tents, canopies, shamianas etc. The appliqué designs for tents are Persian type trees, flowers, animals and birds.
in Bihar has been unique and is known as Madhubani art. It is an exquisite cave painting, which defines itself in symbolic motifs such as Durga, Radha, Krishna, Shiva and Parvati. The colours used in the paintings are vibrant red, yellow and green to ochre, brown and black. Local artists of Madhubani village on walls do the paintings on paper and cloths.
One of the ancient crafts of Bihar is the wood inlay
. The inlays are done with different materials like metal, ivory and stag horn. Marvellous pieces of trays, boxes and other articles for households are produced using this craft. It is a very colourful craft.
has been used in Bihar for centuries, and lacquer ware is a traditional craft of the state. One of the ancient items is the round conical box in which the bride`s parents present her with a nose ring at the time of marriage which has interesting symbols of fertility and longevity inscribed on its red body. The other colourful and ornamental articles are chapatti boxes and dry fruit containers.
of Bihar is evident from the ancient sculptures of the Mauryan period. The notable stoneware place in Bihar is Patharkatti in Gaya district. Chandil and Karaikalla in Singhbum district and Dumka in Santhal parganas work on magnificently grained greenish black soapstone.
of Bihar is a popular craft, which is exported abroad. This craft has gone down with time. Traditional pictures made on the walls of the houses are highly decorative and attractive which are made of glass with gold or silver pieces to fill up the entire picture. A number of articles are made this way are boxes, trays, table tops and mats. The chou dance of the Seraikala region of Bihar uses masks. The masks bear the rich historical past of the state.
In Bihar, the printed textiles
are a very good example of craft and it is usually done on cotton, wool and silk. Bhagalpur, Bihar Sharif, Darbhanga, Saran and Patna are famous fro this craft. There is a printing sector in North Bihar where only mica (khari) printing is done.
The tradition of carpet making
in Bihar dates back to the Buddhist and the Mauryan period. Though this craft is on the decline it continues to produce the old designs based on the Indo-Persian style.