History of Northbrook Gate
On 27th August, 1874, when the erstwhile Viceroy of India, Thomas George Baring, famously known as Lord Northbrook decided to visit Guwahati, a gate was constructed near the Sukreswar Ghat in his honour. Northbrook had anchored his ship near the ghat and an arched edifice was built in the location, which was named the Gate of Honour. Eventually, the Northbrook Gate became the landmark of Guwahati. The same gate welcomed Lord Curzon during his visit to the city in December 1900 with Lady Curzon. It is also believed that the urn containing the ashes of Mahatma Gandhi was stored near the gate before its immersion in the Brahmaputra.
Design of Northbrook Gate
The overall architectural style of the Northbrook Gate follows the Indo- gothic architecture fashion. The design of the gate is kind of reminiscent of the famous Kings College Chapel arches of England. Built with bricks and white limestone, the Northbrook Gate is rectangular in shape with a total of 12 arches, 5 each in the two longer sides and one in each side of its breadth. One of the unique aspects of the gate is the arches which are of gothic design, while the spires on the gate are inspired by Indian temple designs. The simplistic design of the gate lacking decorative carvings on the arches enhances the beauty of the Northbrook Gate.
Restoration of Northbrook Gate
More than 145 years old, over the years the Northbrook Gate has been restored several times. In 2015, the Assam Tourism Development Corporation (ATDC) collaborated with the Assam Archaeology Department, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and the state chapter of Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) to begin work on preserving the gate. The ATDC was in charge of the funding, while the INTACH took charge of supervising the repairs and accordingly with due time the restorations were done.
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