(Last Updated on : 07/06/2019)
Jhoti Chita, also known as Rangoli, is a traditional white art
which is mostly found in the rural parts of the state
. It is done by the rice
paste; the drawing is done with a piece of cloth, which is surrounded with a stick. Jhoti Chita or Rangoli is created by making beautiful patterns on the walls or floors. It can also be done with bare fingers. Jhoti Chita is made during certain festivals
, Manabasa Gurubara, Basanti, Kaartika, Dola, Jhulana, Dhanalakshmi puja, Gaja Lakshmi puja
. For different festival, different types of motifs are drawn on the walls or floors. For example, during Lakshmi puja a stack of paddy or rice sheaves is drawn on the walls structured like a pyramid. During Durga Puja
, white and red dots are painted on the walls. This combination of red and white signifies the worship of Shiva
. The traditional Jhoti Chita is also used on sarees to make saree prints.
Ritualistic Significance of Jhoti Chita
Jhoti Chita is associated with great social and religious activities. In the month of Margasira, tribal women
of Odisha worship the goddess Lakshmi
as it is the harvest season
. During this puja, mud walls and floors are decorated with Jhoti Chita or Rangoli.
Paintings of Jhoti Chita
Several figures and flower patterns are drawn in Jhoti Chita or Rangoli. Before starting the painting
, an earthy red colour named dhau is smeared on the walls and floors and then the Jhotis are created; it provides a contrasted colour. Dhau is also used as a background colour of Jhoti drawings.
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