(Last Updated on : 18/09/2019)
The hill fort of Harishchandragad is located in the Ahmednagar district
in the state
. The Harishchandragad Fort is situated at an elevation of 4,665 ft and the way reaching to the top of the fort
is quite a challenge.
History of Harishchandragad
The history surrounding the Harishchandragad Fort is linked with the Malshej Ghat
, which is a mountain
pass in the Western Ghats range
. The fort played a major role in guarding and controlling the surrounding region.
As per the various ancient Puranas
like the Matsya Purana
, Agni Purana
and Skanda Purana
, there are references which suggest that the origin of the Harishchandragad Fort dates back to the 6th century, during the rule of the Kalachuri
dynasty. Carvings on several of the structures within the fort premises indicate that the fort belonged to the medieval period.
There was a citadel within the fort premises that was built during the 6th century and by the 11th century, several caves were carved out, that housed the idol of Lord Vishnu
. The various constructions on the fort and those existing in the surrounding region point to the existence of a diversity in culture in the region.
Before the fort was captured by the Mughals
, it was controlled by the Mahadev Koli tribe
and by 1747; it was under the control of the Maratha Empire
Overview of Harishchandragad
The caves of Harishchandragad are spread out all over the fort and many of these are situated at the foot of the Taramati peak, also popularly known as Taramanchi. There are other caves which are near the temples
of Harishchandreswar and Nageshwar
, whereas some are near the citadel and some far away in the forests
. A 30 ft deep natural cave is on the north western side of the fort, to the right of Kokan Kada. Other than these, many other caves are still said to remain undiscovered.
Visiting Information on Harishchandragad
Harishchandragad lies where the boundaries of Thane
and Ahmednagar districts
converge and is thus easily accessible via roadways
. The nearest railway station
is at Igatpuri
at a distance of almost 81 km from the fort and the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
is the closest at a distance of 202 km from Harishchandragad.