Ecological Balance in Jainism
It is known to all that living as well non-living organisms surrounds us. These together constitute ecosystem. The non-living things are air, water, soil etc., which also contribute a lot to the ecosystem. Thus in nature there is no wastage at all as through biodegradation everything returns back to nature.
Everything in nature is for others. Rivers don't flow for themselves. Plants don't grow for themselves. They offer everything to others. Each and every species by its activities supports the environment it is surviving in. The harmony is the basic rule of nature.
Causes of Pollution
Humans release different wastes which cause pollution. The main causes for pollution are deforestation, industrialization and urban lifestyle. This causes different types of pollution such as Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Surface Pollution, Noise Pollution and Nuclear Pollution. The role of human beings in creating the pollution is major. Only human beings are responsible for polluted air, water etc. Human greed is costing us a lot. It is affecting the lower kingdoms very badly, which in turn will be very dangerous for the human kingdom in the long run.
Effects of Pollution
The pollution is causing the effects, which in turn can be the cause of further pollution. The toxins that are released in air, water and soil can enter the food chain and can be hazardous. Because of deforestation, land is converted to desert, which again can be dangerous, as man will lose the basic resources. Because of pollution, Ozone layer gets depleted and which causes green house effect. The temperature of the planet rises and which in turn causes global warming. This may lead to melting of glaciers and rise in water level in the oceans.
Environmental Ethics in Jainism
Jain ethics takes into consideration all forms of life, including air, water, fire, vegetation and earth. Jain Acharyas have always emphasized a non-violent lifestyle, which takes into account all living beings. Jainism teaches that all forms of life are bound together in mutuality and interdependence. Jainism teaches restraints in the consumption of material things and advocates simple lifestyle.
Jainism has taught mankind to respect nature and live the life, which not only supports but also nourishes the environment.