(Last Updated on : 27-05-2016)
The Lohara is a tribal
community, settled in the state
of West Bengal
. The word Lohara is derived from the word loha, meaning iron
, as they were traditionally blacksmiths. In 1891, Risley stated that Lohra was a synonym for Lohar and Asur. According to him, the Lohar are a large and heterogenous conglomeration, where the tribal population is made up of several different tribes and caste
Apart from West Bengal, the Lohara occupy parts of Jharkhand
and Santhal Pargana. There are also the Loharas of the Chotanagpur plateau
. It is a discrete community and one of the early inhabitants of this area.
Occupation of the Lohara Tribe
The Lohara tribal communities earn their livelihood by getting employed in different occupations. Some of them are shepherds, many of them rear cattle and have developed the expertise of weaving
exquisite baskets. Iron smelters also are found in Lohara society. With the touch of their skillful hands, beautiful iron products can be carved out from the raw and hot iron bars. Special tools are also used by these Lohara artisans for carving. The houses in which these Lohara tribes live in too bear the reflection of their artistic acumen. Some of them, however, practice the typical occupation of any other Indian tribe, namely, cultivation.
Food of the Lohara Tribe
The staple food of the Lohara Tribe is rice
. They also consume wheat
. As part of their non-vegetarian diet they consume beef, pork and carrion. Their food is cooked using mustard
, dori or jethangi oil. They also survive on rice beer (haria) and distilled liquor (daru).
Language of the Lohara Tribe
The Lohara Tribe communicates in Sadri. They are also conversant with Hindi
. They use the Devenagari scripts
Cultural Tradition of the Lohara Tribe
Both males and females of Lohara tribes perform dance forms wearing their conventional attires. Singing songs in accompaniment of wonderful musical instruments add stupor to the whole of merrymaking. Art work is done using conventional 'handloom weaving' tools and beautiful wall paintings are also exhibited at the time of festivals. Their tongue is similar to that of all the other tribes of this region. The costumes of this tribal community are similar to the other tribal communities of this region. The male folks of this community wear ganji, kurta
, whereas the females of this community wear saree
, blouse and salwar-kameez-dupatta
Rituals and Festivals Celebrated by the Lohara Tribe
The Lohara tribes of West Bengal have a plethora of festivals. Some of the festivals are either feted at individual homes or they are feted as community fetes. All the religious festivals are commemoration of worship of various folk deities. The reason for worshipping these deities is to appease them and seek their blessings. Rituals and social ceremonies are also no less in numbers. Rituals of Lohara tribes mainly center on conservation of nature and also booties, which actually support their livelihood. Festive mood gets heightened with incorporation of beautiful dance forms and joyful songs.
Tribes of West Bengal
Indian Tribal People
Mal Pahariya Tribe