Location of Raisina Hills
Raisina Hill is an area of Lutyens' Delhi in New Delhi. This administrative housing comprises India's most important government buildings, including Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of India and the Secretariat building housing the Prime Minister's Office and several other important ministries.
Geography of Raisina Hill
Raisina Hill is surrounded by other important buildings and structures, including the Parliament of India, Rajpath and India Gate. Raisina Hill is a slightly elevated portion of 226 metres (741 ft) high, about 18 metres (59 ft) higher than the surrounding area.
Naming of Raisina Hills
The term "Raisina Hill" was coined following acquisition of land from 300 families from local villages. The land of Raisina Hill was acquired under the "1894 Land Acquisition Act" to begin the construction of the Viceroy's House, which is known as Rashtrapati Bhawan in modern India.
History of Raisina Hills
Raisina Hill came into being while British Government in India decided to shift the capital of India from Kolkata to Delhi. In 1911 to transfer the capital of British India from Kolkata to Delhi, a planning committee was formed, and a site 3 miles (5 km) south of the existing city of Delhi, around Raisina Hill, was chosen for the new administrative centre. A well-drained, healthy area between the Delhi Ridge and the Yamuna River, it provided ample room for expansion.
Raisina Hills in Modern India
Raisina Hills, after independence became the publicly accessible region in Delhi. But this region is highly secured in India. The Rastrapati Bhawan is located here. On December 22, 2012, Raisina Hill became the venue for protest against series of gang rape incidents in Delhi including 2012 Delhi gang rape case, where the protesters made allegations of mis-governance which had made the capital of India- Delhi highly unsafe for women. Over 20000 people gathered to draw immediate attention of government to address such incidents.