Location of Wagah
Wagah is a village situated near a road border crossing, goods transit terminal and a railway station between Pakistan and India.
Geography of Wagah
Wagah lies on the Grand Trunk Road between the cities of Amritsar, Punjab and Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The borderline of Wagah is located 24 kilometres from Lahore, Pakistan and 32 kilometres from Amritsar. It is also 3 kilometres from the bordering village of Attari.
History of Wagah
Wagah is named as "Wahga" in Pakistan. It is a village in India-Pakistan border line near which the accepted Radcliffe Line, the boundary demarcation line dividing India and Pakistan upon the Partition of India, was drawn. The village of Wagah lies 600 meters west of the Border line. At the time of Independence of India in the year 1947, the migrants from the Indian parts of the Indian states like Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana entered the present day Pakistan through this border crossing.
Wagah Railway Station
Wagah railway station lies 400 meters to the south and only 100 meters from the Border line itself. In Pakistan the Border crossing is known as Wahga Border whereas in India it is called Atari Border crossing, named after the Indian village Atari, which lies 500 meters east of the border line within Indian Territory.
Tourism in Wagah
As it is located in the border line of India and Pakistan, this village does not have any monuments, mosques, temples and churches. This border line hamlet is particularly known for the elaborate Wagah border ceremony, which is a daily military practise that happens at the border gate, two hours before sunset each day. The flag ceremony is conducted by Indian Border Security Force from Indian side and Pakistan Rangers from Pakistan. The lowering of the flags, or the Beating Retreat ceremony at Wagah border, is a daily military practice of the security forces of India and Pakistan. They have jointly followed this since 1959. The drilling in Wagah border is characterized by elaborate and rapid dance-like manoeuvres. It is alternatively a symbol of the two countries' rivalry, as well as brotherhood and cooperation between the two nations. Wagah border ceremony takes place every evening before sunset at the Wagah border, which as part of the Grand Trunk Road was the only road link between these two countries before the opening of the Aman Setu in Jammu and Kashmir in 1999. Wagah border ceremony starts with a blustering parade by the soldiers from India and Pakistan, and ends up in the perfectly coordinated lowering of the two nations' flags. It is called the beating retreat border ceremony on the international level. One infantryman stands at attention on each side of the gate. As the sun sets, the iron gates at the border are opened and the two flags are lowered simultaneously. The flags are folded and the ceremony ends with a retreat that involves an abrupt handshake between soldiers from India and Pakistan. It is also followed by the closing of the gates again. The spectacle of the ceremony attracts many national and international level tourists from both sides of the border.