(Last Updated on : 15/01/2019)
Located in the northern state of India, Uttarakhand
, Landour is about 35 km from the city of Dehradun
and is contiguous with Mussoorie
. During the British
Era, the twin towns of Mussoorie and Landour were well known hill stations and were widely known as the Queen of the Hills. The official languages
spoken in Landour are Hindi
History of Landour
Landour used to be the summer seat of the Europeans and was initially built by and for the British Indian Army
. The history of Landour
describes well the British rule in India. From 1827 when a sanatorium was built in Landour, the town was a convalescent station for the military, and hence much of Landour is a cantonment
. It was then that Landour became the permanent seat for the British Army, which led to a spurt in the European population. Aside from the obvious British legacy, Landour has a thick vein of Americana too, with American missionaries having had a strong footing in the town since the 1830s, when the policy changes introduced by the English administrator Lord Macaulay prompted the rapid growth of American missions across India.
Currently, the year round population of Landour is under 1200 and if the Landour Bazaar is considered, the population is under 4000. The ethnic mix of Landour has changed dramatically since 1947, and since the 1970s to 1980s due to the departure of most missionaries, and also via the recent Indian economic boom
Climate of Landour
The altitude differential, aided by Landour being partly Tibet-facing, has a marked effect on the temperature, which can be 2 degree to 3 degree Celsius lower than in Mussoorie. During the monsoon, Landour receives almost daily rainfall, often heavy. Additionally, pre-and post-monsoon showers mean a rainy season that can run from May to September, though it can be shorter. Before the rains arrive, the months of April and May are the warmest period, with the temperatures rising to over 30 degree Celsius. The months between December to February are downright cold, especially if one does not receive enough direct sunlight, as on the northern slopes. It can snow anywhere between 3 and 15 times in the winter, at times heavily. In a given year Landour receives perhaps twice the snow that Mussoorie does; it also takes longer to melt especially on the north-facing slopes.
Ecology of Landour
The cantonment of Landour for the most part is carpeted by old-growth forests of deodar cedar, Himalayan oak, chir pine
, blue pine, West Himalayan fir, Himalayan maple, rhododendron
, Himalayan manna ash and other species of trees. Landour offers a striking view of the Garhwal Himalayas
from whose different elevations over 350 species can be seen comfortably. Mammals like leopards
, tigers, muntjac, sloth bear, jackals, civets, jungle cats
, etc are also found here.
Architecture of Landour
Akin to the other northern hill stations during the British era, the architecture of Landour
is a replica of the Romantic Age in England. Landour has 4 churches, 2 of them distinctly Indo-Gothic in style of architecture. Of the 4, 2 remain very much in use: Kellogg Church was built in 1903, once American Presbyterian, now non-denominational, and also home to the Landour Language School and the St. Paul's Church which was built in 1840, once Anglican, now non-denominational in Char Dukan, where Jim Corbett's parents, Christopher and Mary Corbett married on 13th October 1859. A third Methodist church in Landour Bazaar fell into disuse after the British era ended and was eventually seized by squatters for commercial purposes by way of 'kabza'. The fourth church, which is atop Landour hill, is the once-Anglican St. Peter's Church, latterly Catholic
and now in disuse and occupied by squatters apparently with the 'permission' of the church committee.
Visiting Information on Landour
The nearest railway
station is the Dehradun station at a distance of 37 km from Landour and the Dehradun Airport
is the closest at a distance of 63 km from the cantonment.