Surat is nicknamed as the heart of the diamond cutting industry and textile industry, lies at about 14 miles left of the banks of Tapti River. Dutch Garden served as the Dutch cemetery. It is now acts as a popular attraction of Surat, which is located near Kataragam Gate, at a distance of about 4 km from the city.
Dutch Cemetery or the Dutch Gardens is known for its ancient mausoleums and cenotaphs. Dutch Garden of Surat encloses well landscaped gardens of old English and Dutch cemeteries which are distinguished by their architectural features.
Surat became the place of European Settlements from the time of Jahangir, the mughal Emperor in the mid medieval period. Early English people also recognized this place for textile business and established their first colony here in the year 1613. A best mixture of Dutch, Portuguese and British people form different cultural backgrounds in Surat.
Many traders of Dutch East India Company, British East India Company and French East India Company came over to Surat to start trading business in textile industry from the early phase of modern times. These European traders opened the burial ground in honour of the Dutch businessman. The Dutch garden in Surat had been set up to cremate people who came here for trading purposes.
In Dutch Cemetery, there is a massive mausoleum of Baron Adrian Van Reede in Dutch Garden, who died here in 1691. The ancient original port, from where the ships sailed to other parts of the world, is another main attraction near the Dutch gardens. The old English factory and the Anglican Church are other interesting sites near the Dutch Cemetery or the Dutch Gardens.
Dutch Garden is one of the most significant and well landscaped gardens which are distinguished by their architectural and sculptural features. Dutch Garden is the story teller of the pompous times of colonial era.
Dutch Garden in Surat can easily be reached through air ways, roadways and train ways. Surat is strategically located on the southern part of Gujarat and is one of the blooming commercial hubs in India. A domestic air terminal is located in Magdala, which is located at a distance of 10 Kms from Surat. The railway head located in Surat has good connections to other main cities of India and Gujarat. Every mode of transport to garden is available from any point of the city.
(Last Updated on : 07-08-2014)
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