Arvind Kejriwal led Aaam Admi Party won 67 of the 70 constituencies in the 2015 Delhi Assembly elections defeating the Bharatiya Janata Party with three seats and the Indian National Congress with none.
In those elections, Arvind Kejriwal was again elected from the New Delhi constituency, defeating Nupur Sharma and Kiran Bedi. He took oath on 14 February 2015 as the Chief Minister of Delhi for a second time at Ramlila Maidan, Delhi.
Early Life of Arvind Kejriwal
Arvind Kejriwal was born on 16th August 1968 to Gita Devi and Gobind Ram Kejriwal in Haryana, at a village called Siwani. He grew up in several north Indian cities including Hisar, Ghaziabad and Sonepat. He did his schooling from Campus School in Hisar and completed his mechanical engineering course from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. He joined Tata Steel in 1989 and worked there for a brief period of time, till 1992. He left the job for preparing for the Civil Services Examination and during this phase spent time in Ramakrishna Mission (North East India), Kolkata and Nehru Yuva Kendra. After qualifying the Civil Services Examination, he joined the Indian Revenue Service in the year 1995. For pursuing higher studies, Kejriwal acquired a paid leave of two years on the condition that after his return he would continue his work for at least three years and in case he failed to abide by the agreement he would be required to pay back the salary given to him during the period of his leave. Thus, in 2003 he resumed his work as a Joint Commissioner of Income Tax in New Delhi and initially worked for 18 months after which he took an unpaid leave of 18 months. He resigned from the post in February 2006 following which the government of India posed allegations on Kejriwal for violating the agreement of working for three years. He claimed that his tenure of working and unpaid leave sums up to three years which remains in accordance with the agreement. However, he resolved the dispute later in 2011 by taking loans from friends and paying his way out of the service. During the period of his unpaid leave he involved himself actively with Team Anna which was an Indian anti-corruption movement.
Political Career of Arvind Kejriwal
Arvind Kejriwal is a strong believer of bringing up changes in the society through small things. During his service period in the Income Tax Department he contributed in up bringing a movement called 'Parivartan' which aimed at assisting citizens in Delhi navigating the matters of food ration, electricity and income tax. The organization also played a vital role in exposing the 2008 fake ration card scam. In 2006, he had also launched the Public Cause Research Foundation together with Abhinandan Sekhri and Manish Sisodia. As seed fund for the foundation, Kejriwal donated the prize money he had received from the Ramon Magsaysay Award. The employees of Parivartan were also paid by this organization. The Right to Information Act has been skilfully used by Arvind Kejriwal in several corruption cases pertaining to government departments including the Delhi Electricity Board, the Public Distribution System, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi and the Income Tax Department. Kejriwal had also represented the civil society as a member of the committee constituted by the Government of India for drafting a Jan Lokpal bill. The committee was formed after the campaign of Anna Hazare which demanded the introduction of such legislation. Kejriwal also encountered a police arrest for supporting the campaign.
In the 2013 Delhi Legislative Assembly election, Kejriwal defeated the former Chief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dikshit, by a margin of 25,864 votes and acquired the position of Delhi Chief Minister. It was the first contested election of AAP in which the party won 28 of the 70 available Assembly seats as a whole. Kejriwal took the oath as the youngest Chief Minister of Delhi and fourth youngest Chief Minister of India.
Aam Admi Party formed a minority government in the hung assembly, with outside support from the eight leaders of Indian National Congress Member of Legislative Assembly, one Janta Dal Member of Legislative Assembly and one independent Member of Legislative Assembly. He was sworn in as the second-youngest Chief Minister of Delhi on 28 December 2013, after Chaudhary Brahm Prakash who became Chief Minister of Delhi at the age of 34. On 14th February 2014, he resigned as Chief Minister after failing to table the Jan Lokpal Bill in the Delhi Assembly. He recommended the dissolution of the Assembly.
This was his second term as the Chief Minister of Delhi, after his Aam Admi Party won the 2015 Delhi Assembly elections with a majority, winning 67 out of 70 assembly seats. He is the national convener of the Aam Aadmi Party now.
Awards of Arvind Kejriwal
Arvind Kejriwal has been honoured with several accolades for his notable contribution in society and politics. He won Ashoka Fellow for Civic Engagement in 2004, Satyendra K. Dubey Memorial Award for his campaign for bringing transparency in Government in 2005, Ramon Magsaysay Award for Emergent Leadership in 2006, CNN-IBN Indian of the Year Award in Public Service in 2006, Distinguished Alumnus Award for Eminent Leadership in 2009, Policy Change Agent of the Year Award in 2010, NDTV Indian of the Year Award in 2011 and CNN-IBN Indian of the Year 2013 for politics. He was also awarded a fellowship and a grant by the Association for India's Development in 2009. In the year November 2013, Arvind Kejriwal was awarded by the Foreign Policy magazine top 100 global thinker. In the year 2014, Arvind Kejriwal was featured in Time 100’s most influential people in the world
Books by Arvind Kejriwal
Arvind Kejriwal has also authored a book named Swaraj, which was published in 2012.
Personal Life of Arvind Kejriwal
Arvind Kejriwal is married to Sunita, his batch mate from National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie and the National Academy of Direct Taxes in Nagpur, who is also an IRS officer. The couple is blessed with a son and daughter. Kejriwal is also a Vipassana practitioner for several years.