Medinipur district is the specialized area of pat, especially Nayagram village and mention must be made of Basudevpur, Daspur, Narajol etc. The Pat is a most commonly a scrolling picture. A long piece of paper is at first fixed on stretched cotton of same size and the herbal colours are used for painting where pictures are fictionalized frame to frame. A pat is generally showcased before the rural audience with songs. It is an audio-visual representation of indigenous expression, which is very unique. Some scholars opined that Pat is an art form, as well as artistry. In this form, inward features and physical features can be found altogether. In West Bengal it is well known as Patachitra.
Bamboo Art thrives to be another striking art of Medinipur that has conquered the eyes of many art lovers across the country and the state. Not only goods of utility are manufactured by the Scheduled Caste communities but even goods having the aesthetic value of artistic endeavour. The gender biased attitude is totally absent when it comes to the production of Bamboo art as both men and women are involved in this work with their skill. They can be found in every nook and corner of this district. Now they are making winnowing tray (Kula), strainer, basket, wicker basket (chupri), fish catching cages etc. Now-a-days they have started making tatty (darma) from bamboo, which are brought from North Bengal; 'darma' is used for partition and fencing.
Cane Art another feather on the crown of art zone of Medinipur paves the way for exhibiting the art of the region. Once upon a time the cane furniture found its way in the practiced industry of this district and was marketed with healthy mannerisms and with obvious results. Like its foster sister bamboo, cane is also a forest born item and thus obviously fine and flexible also. Firstly people of lower status carved utility goods for the elite classes with door to door approach. They made tray, basket, flower bowl etc. But today, cane furniture like tool, table, chair, and tea-table is made from cane and in big workshops. Even in the urban areas, a few artisans of this kind are found who stay in marginal areas of a town indulging their talent in the manufacture of Cane Art. They are not skilled enough and they have to fight against readymade items made of polymer. Cane is not available enough in this district. It is brought from North Bengal and Assam, so it goes more valuable. As a home industry, it is suffering.
Stone Art is prevalent in the region of Binpur, Belpahari, Silda, Jamboni, stone works like plates, bowl, drinking glass, candle and candle stand are made from soft stone. It should be appreciated that, these artisans of marginal world still preserve their handicrafts, even in this ever changing globe. This industry is also waning to insecurity.
In this sequence one should mention the home made plate and bowl, made of sal leaf. In near past, it was also used in the numerous festivals and banquet purpose. These are made especially in Jhargram, Garbeta, Goaltore, Ramgarh, as sal leaves are plentiful in this region.
Ornaments are made from several types of metal, specially silver and gold. There was once a food school of silver works in this district, especially in Contai, Ramnagar and Dantan areas.
Clay model and statues are made almost in every part of this district. But earthen posts and pitchers have come to its end and only used in worship venues and rituals. In puja or festivals season, they involve in making idols of God and Goddess, which brings happiness in their family temporarily. Every prosperous village has a 'Kumarpara' of its own (Kumarpara means a small settlement or fixed area for clay modeller or Kumar). They are involved in making models of elephant and horses etc. horses often offered in Pir's tomb and in Manasa than (abode of Mansa Goddess). These offered models are called 'Chhalan'. Harimandir (holy-altar for Tulsi) is also made in terracotta manner. During the Diwali Festivals, a special type of clay model is used, which is called 'Diwali Putul'. The women models have shirts and blouses as robes and lamps on their heads and hands. These colourful models look very bright in their lamp light.
Mat industry is located in Sabong. This place is very famous for this industry.
Mat is woven from special types of herb, like straw or grass and this is called 'masina'. Mat industry creates a good market in Panskura, Debra and Egra because mat is very useful and comfortable in summer days. Almost all types of men and women are involved in this industry. Handloom industry is also important in this district, especially of Amarshi. Recently, this industry has boosted with govt. subsidy. And artisans are now facing good days. But the total handloom industry is not facing a good situation.
Like Bankura, artisans of Guiadaha and Ramgarh of Chandrakona Road made these places famous of Dhokra art. Dhokra art is based on 'lost wax' method, a special method of casting to form different idols of god, goddess and animals. It is mostly collected as show-piece in our room. Dhokra art of Medinipur district is larger than other places in its size or formation. Sitala Ghat is famous as a metal artisanship. 'Ghat' means a small pitcher. Southern portion of Medinipur district and some villages like Urigoda, Chandapur are famous for this art.
Pakhira or Pekhya is a typical system of protection from rainy season. It is made of Palm leaf. It covers a person from head to knee. A special type of hand fan is also made by these workmen.
Kantha is made from used clothes and saris etc. But it's stitching in very unique, which is called "Kantha-stitch'. Once this was a popular practice of Bengal and it still exists in some areas of this district. One may find some weavers of Kantha in Astapara village of Jamboni. Rope industry of Medinipur district is very unique and existing one. Ropes are made from different sources. Firstly, a special type of rope is made of Sishal bark and used in pulling water container from well. This type of rope is made only in Medinipur district. Secondly, choir mat and ropes which are made from cocoanut. This is mostly available in Southern side of Purba Medinipur. Thirdly, a special type of rope is made of 'babui' grass. This is largely used as making door-mats, there is a big industry in Jhargram, who boosted local artisans in this work. This type of babui rope is also used in thatched roofs. Babui grass is mostly produced in Chandrakona and its surroundings.