Features of Tribal Paintings of Eastern India
The paintings are generally mythological, covering stories of Ram-Sita, Krishna-Radha, Ganesh and so on to a flower-patterned, animal and bird design backgrounds with barely any blank space absent. The Tantric paintings are based exclusively on religious texts and characters.
Different Tribal Paintings of Eastern India
Following are the different tribal paintings of Eastern India:
Tribal Paintings of West Bengal: Tribes like Santhals, ‘Bhuyiyas’, ‘Mundas’ and several others who inhabited the state of West Bengal and Bihar are renowned for their varied forms of tribal paintings. Santhal paintings are practiced in freehand and are mostly about daily lives of the local people of these states. The other commonly used themes are that of fields, dances, harvests, wine parties, Hindu Gods and Goddesses, happy families, etc.
Tribal Paintings of Odisha: Saura painting is a technique of wall mural painting connected with the Saura tribe of Odisha, India. These paintings are also called ikons. They hold religious importance for the tribe, generally as a devotion to their major deity Idital. In Saura community of Odisha State, the Tribal wall paintings made by them are called ‘Idital’. It is the family deity of every Saura. Wall paintings of Khonds are known as 'Manji Gunda‘. Kutia Khond paintings are very effortless and these are called Tikangkuda’. The paintings of Paudi Bhuyan, a tribal community, are called 'Jhanjira’ and they are more particular about cultivation which is reflected in a host of their paintings.
Tribal Paintings of Jharkhand: The local tribes of Jharkhand are involved in several forms of paintings which include Oraon comb cut paintings and Paitkar paintings. The designs of the Oraon tribal paintings are generally geometric patterns, birds, fishes, arches, cattle, etc., and they are quite ancient. Paitkar paintings utilize themes pertaining to Goddess Manasa, the Goddess of Serpents and sometimes images portraying themes like ‘yajnas’. These paintings are also famous as scroll paintings of Jharkhand. Paitkar paintings also reflect themes of the daily lives of the local people of Jharkhand. Besides Jharkhand, these paintings are also popular in West Bengal and Bihar. The Government of Bihar is laying emphasis on this particular form of tribal painting to encourage the promotion of this rare, traditional tribal art.