Theatre Companies in Karnataka emerged around the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The years from 1880 to 1920, were popularly known as the period of 'Kannada Renaissance' brought significant changes in the field of theatres too. The theatres during that time encompassed themes related to society. The theatre companies travelled from one place to another to popularise the Kannada form of entertainment. These professional artists donated their talent to echo the grandeur of the era. Some of the Theatre Companies in Karnataka are Samudaya Theatre Company, Amateur Dramatic Association, Bayalata, Company Nataka, Ninasam Karaga, Indian Theatrical Festival, Halsigi, Tantupurastha Nataka Mandali, Literary and Dramatic Association, Hindu Union Club, Shirahatti Troupe, Chaya Artists, Vishva-Gunadarsa Mandali, Halageri Company, Sri Dattatreya Sangeeta,Nataka Mand, Palace Company, Gubbi Company, Ratnavali Theatre Company, Mitra Mandali, Rajarajeswari Nataka Mandali.
Theatre companies in Kerala work efficiently to promote Malayalam theatre and temple theatres of Kerala. Theatre in modern Malayalam literature did not begin to flourish until the theatre companies in Kerala came into proper prominence in the late into the nineteenth century. Kerala Peoples Arts Club, Telugu Little Theatre, Oxygen Theatre Company. The dominant Hindu culture in Kerala had elaborate traditions of Temple Theatre such as Koodiyattam, Thullal and Kathakali and also Pavaikathakali and eventually realistic drama failed to accept respectability or audience. These theatre companies in Kerala then took the initiative to popularise all kinds of stage drama and reached out to the audience with this form of art. The theatre companies in Kerala also worked to develop the Christian theatre and the Christians who lived primarily in central Kerala staged plays on the history of Charlemagne, Jacob of the Old Testament, and on the lives of various saints. Most theatre companies in Kerala produced passion plays and gospel enactments.
Theatre companies in Tamil Nadu have probably experienced the longest linguistic exposure in Indian theatre. The remains and deviations of ancient traditions find their appropriate place in Tamil theatre in different forms. Based on them, many theatre companies in Tamil Nadu evolved to define the cultural zones in this southern state. The theatre companies in Tamil Nadu produced ballad traditions that had a proper storyline with some abstract dances having no oral narratives to accompany them, and the narrative forms combine story with performance. The energy, theatrical potential, variety, and versatility are the prime features of theatre companies in Tamil Nadu. Besides, the theatre companies in Tamil Nadu produce the renowned scripts and also some minor forms of theatre like Bommalattam, Kuravanji Natakam, Nondi Natakam, Katha Kalakshepam, Pallu, Kirttanai, and Vilasam.