(Last Updated on : 11/06/2013)
Moturi Satyanarayana is the name India conspicuously banks upon as one remembers the tale of Indian sovereignty and the saga of Independence and the allied tale of struggle associated with the same. He is even one of the members of the Constituent Assembly
that drafted the Constitution of India
. One of the nominated members of the Rajya Sabha
he has attained a stature of predominant position amidst the Indian subcontinent due to his paramount importance and his sway of Influence. He is the one who is instrumental in making Hindi
an official language in the Indian Constitution, while tolerating the other major Indian languages
. He devoted his later life to helping spread Hindi in South India.
Early Life of Moturi Satyanarayana
Moturi has his birth roots in the Dondapadu village in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh
, India. After the stage of primary education he studied English, Telugu, and Hindi at the National College in Machilipatnam and as brilliant he was he attained a high proficiency. Later he joined the Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha as a volunteer and gradually became the Secretary and Principal Secretary of that organization. Then came a turn and a major mission in his life would be to economically endorse the growth of Hindi in South India between the years 1936 to 1961. He married Shrimati Suryakanta Devi and had three sons and four daughters with her.
Political Career of Moturi Satyanarayana
Moturi had actively participated in Quit India Movement
in 1942 and was jailed as an obvious result. During this time, Moturi was an active promoter of the Hindi language. He was not only fighting with his pen, bombastic remarks being his forte by attaining the position of the Editor of "Hindi Pracharak" (1926-36), "Hindi Prachar Samachar" (1938-61) and Dakshina Bharat (1947-61) but he even organised many Institutions all over India such as "Dakshina Bharata Hindi Prachara Sabha" of Madras (1926-61). He was the Founding Secretary of "Telugu Basha Samithi" of Madras
. He was the key figure to India's political history.
As mentioned earlier he is the catalyst behind India's selection of the national language or the official language. However, as most of the righteous deeds find their fate to be same; he was and is being duly criticised for his decision to shore up Hindi, and not English, as the official language of India. The gauche, discomfited provisions in the Indian Constitution and a later push by pro-Hindi hardliners led to "language riots" in the 1960s in southern states such as Tamil Nadu
, where more than 60 people died. More than a few students immolated themselves protesting against the forced employment and application of Hindi as the national language. While English has become the de facto national language of India by 2010, the Indian Constitution has continued to serve as the fundamental basis of the India's polity and society and its drafting was a major accomplishment.