Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India after nation gained independence. Nehru and his colleagues had been released as the British Cabinet Mission arrived to propose plans for transfer of power. Swearing in of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru as the first Prime Minister of free India by Lord Mountbatten was held on 15 August 1947. Once he was elected, Nehru headed a provisional government which was impaired by outbreaks of communal violence and political disorder, and the opposition of the Muslim League led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who was demanding a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. After several failed bids to form the coalitions, Nehru reluctantly supported the partition of India, according to a plan released by the British on 3 June 1947. He took office as the Prime Minister of India on 15 August.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee is a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party and Hindu Nationalism in Indian politics. He has served as a member of the Parliament of India for nearly 50 years. He is also a poet, writing in his native language, Hindi.
I.K. Gujral became the 12th Prime Minister of India. He continued in the office for over 11 months, including 3 months as caretaker Prime Minister. During this time, he attempted to improve relations with Pakistan, reform the aging institutions of government and promote pro-growth economic policies to bring the country out of the 1997 Asian financial crisis, which had left it stagnant. But the fractious, corrupt and unstable coalition politics were too big a hurdle. However, I.K. Gujral had the distinct privilege and honor of leading the country in its 50th year of independence, a year of pride and major celebrations of the country's diversity, vibrant cultural fabric, achievements of the past five decades, and of course, honoring the national freedom struggle and its veterans.
P.V. Narasimha Rao is another Prime Minister whose contribution and act towards Indian Administration had been mandatory. When the Indian National Congress split in 1969, Rao remained loyal to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and stayed so during the Emergency period from 1975 to 1977. He rose to national prominence in 1972 by handling several diverse portfolios, most significantly Home Ministry, Defence Ministry and Foreign Affairs from 1980 to 1984, in the cabinets of both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.
Dr. Manmohan Singh is the 13th and current Prime Minister of India. Singh is a member of the Indian National Congress party and became the first Sikh to become Prime Minister of India on May 22, 2004. He is one of the most qualified and influential figures in India's recent history, because of the economic liberalization he started in 1991 when he was Finance Minister. Manmohan Singh is an economist by profession, and has formerly served in the International Monetary Fund. Manmohan Singh is also known to be an unassuming politician, enjoying a formidable, highly respected and admired image.
Following India's independence, Lal Bahadur Shastri was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary in his home state, Uttar Pradesh. He became the Minister of Police and Transport under Govind Ballabh Pant's Chief Ministership. As the Transport Minister, he was the first one to appoint women conductors. As the minister in charge of the Police Department, he ordered that Police use jets of water instead of lathis to drive off unruly crowds. In 1951, he was made the General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee, with Jawaharlal Nehru as the President. Morarji Desai and Chandra Shekhar Singh were the other Male Prime ministers of India.
|More Articles in Indian Prime Ministers (25)|