(Last Updated on : 05/07/2013)
Indian Writers in English
bring out the identity of the post colonial Indian who seeks to decolonize the mind. Indian English literature is an honest enterprise to demonstrate the ever rare gems of Indian writing in English. From being a singular and exceptional, rather gradual native flare-up of geniuses, Indian English has turned out to be a new form of Indian culture and voice in which India converses regularly. While Indian authors - poets, novelists, essayists, dramatists - have been making momentous and considerable contributions to world literature since the pre-Independence era, the past few years have witnessed a gigantic prospering and thriving of Indian English writing in the global market. Not only are the works of Indian authors writing in English surging on the best-seller list, they are also incurring and earning an immense amount of critical acclamation. Commencing from Mulk Raj Anand
, R. K. Narayan
, Anita Desai
, Sarojini Naidu
, Toru Dutt to Salman Rushdie
, Vikram Seth
, Irwin Allan Sealy
, Amitav Ghosh
, Jhumpa Lahiri
, Chitra Banerjee, Arundhati Roy
, Vikram Chandra
- the panache of fine Indian writers is long and much augmented.
is a post-colonial novelist best known for his biting secularism, humour and abiding love for poetry. He is a great storywriter, historian, political writer, essayist biographer, translator novelist and journalist. Since independence he has been the country's most well- known English writer. His major works are The Voice of God and Other Stories, 1957, The Sikhs Today, 1959, The Fall of the Kingdom of the Punjab,1962 , Black Jasmine, 1971 , Delhi: A Novel, 1990, Women and Men in My Life, 1995, The Company of Women, 1999, Truth, Love and a Little Malice (an autobiography), 2002, The End of India, 2003 , Paradise and Other Stories, 2004, Death at My Doorstep, 2005 , The Illustrated History of the Sikhs, 2006. Train to Pakistan
, I shall Not Hear the Nightingale
of the Sikhs are the noteworthy books by this writer who hardly fails to speak his mind.
is another writer in English who published his first novel "The Circle of Reason
" and the second one "The Shadow Lines
" in 1986 and 1988. He wrote "In an Antique Land" in 1993 as a result of his visit to Egypt to do field work in the Fellaheen village of Lataifa in 1980. Since then "The Calcutta Chromosome" in 1995 and "The Glass Place" in 2000 had published. "The Hungry Tide" is his latest work on fiction. It was published in 2004. He won India's most prestigious literary award the "Sahitya Akademi Award" for his "The Shadow Lines
" in the English language category. The novel focuses on the family of the narrator in Calcutta and Dhaka and their connection with an English family in London. "The Calcutta Chromosome" won the "Arthur C. Clarke Award" in 1997. The novel has been described as a kind of mystery thriller.
Mulk Raj Anand
was another writer In English who came to the writing front due to a certain family tragedy. His first main novel, "Untouchable", published in 1935, was a chilling expos‚ of the day-to-day life of a member of India's untouchable caste. It is the story of a single day in the life of Bakha, a toilet-cleaner, who accidentally bumps into a member of a higher caste. Bakha searches for comfort to the tragedy of the destiny into which he was born, talking first with a Christian missionary and then with a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, but by the end of the book he concludes that it is technology, in the form of the newly introduced flush toilet that will be his saviour. While the toilet may deprive him and his family of the traditional livelihood they have had for centuries, it may also liberate them in the end by eliminating the need for a caste of toilet cleaners.
is the name for Indian neo realistic writing. Arundhati Roy started writing her first novel, The God of Small Things
in the year and finished the work in 1996. This book is regarded as a semi-autobiography in which she relates to the audience about her childhood experiences in Ayemenem. For this book she also received the Man booker Prize for Fiction in 1997 and it was also listed as one of the notable books of 1997 in New York Times. She is also credited for writing the screenplays for In Which Annie Gives it Those Ones in 1989 and Electric Moon in 1992 and also a television serial named The Banyan Tree. A documentary named A Film with Arundhati Roy was also written by her in 2002. In the early half of the year 2007 she announced that would began her work on her second novel. Arundhati Roy is also involved in many social activities. She is the figurehead of the anti-globalization or alter-globalization movement and also a vehement critic of neo-imperialism and of the global policies of the United States of America. The lists of her criticisms include India's nuclear weapon policies and the approach to industrialization and rapid development as bring practiced in the nation in the recent times.
is the voice of Diaspora, the Indian who is settled abroad and yet seeks to discover India. Jhumpa Lahiri is indeed the storyteller who weaves the lace of love, identity, crisis, lies and faults in a matured way. Her works are enriched with sensitive dilemmas in life. Characters in her books experience the cultural as well as the generation gaps. She, therefore, comments on the effects of Western colonialism on Indians and Indians in Diaspora. Jhumpa Lahiri is not only a writer but the weaver of dreams, the fabricator of emotion and therefore her each and every novel becomes an outlet for her emotions.
, a significant name in the modern Indian literature always remains unique in selecting her subjects in the novels. Shifted from depicting the common human condition, she rather deals with the aristocratic class or the titled class. She mercilessly points out the sores and wounds of the modern society. Often labeled as feminist by the critics, the writings of Shobha De reflect the conflicts and the dilemmas the women in India had to undergo. The erotic content of her novels has been somewhat controversial, with some reviewers being sneering of her work while others suggest that she is countering the taboos held by many women writers. Presently she is the house name of the aristocratic intellectuals.
is the voice of serene post colonial interventions. In his masterpiece, "The Enigma of Arrival", Naipaul visits the reality of England like an anthropologist studying some hitherto unexplored native tribe deep in the jungle. With apparently shortsighted and random observations he creates an unrelenting image of the placid collapse of the old colonial ruling culture and the demise of European neighbourhoods. Naipaul's critical remarks and assessments of Muslim fundamentalism Paul Theroux, James Joyce's Ulysses, and the homosexuality of E.M. Foster and John Maynard Keynes among other topics have been a source of controversy.
The early masterpiece of V. S. Naipaul
's brilliant career, "A House for Mr. Biswas" is an unforgettable story inspired by Naipaul's father that has been hailed as one of the 20th century's finest novels.
R . K . Narayan
's writing career began with "Swami and Friends". At first, he could not get the novel published. Eventually, a mutual friend, Purna, showed the draft to Graham Greene. Greene liked it so much that he arranged for its publication. Characters in his novels were very ordinary down-to-earth Indians trying to blend tradition with modernization, often resulting in tragic-comic situations. His writings style was simple, unpretentious and witty-conveyed, with a unique flavour as if he were writing in the native tongue. Many of Narayan's works are rooted in everyday life, though he is not shy of invoking Hindu tales or traditional Indian folklore to emphasize a point. His easy-going outlook on life has sometimes been criticized, though in general he is viewed as an accomplished, sensitive and reasonably prolific writer.
Several other writers have adorned the body of Indian literature in English paving the way towards evolving of what one calls the search for identity amidst the ethnic post colonial land.