Indian Male Writers added to the glitz and glory of the ethnic culture in the colonial tongue. Keki.N.Daruwalla or Keki Nasserwanji Daruwalla is counted among the most notable writers in English. Although he belongs to the community of Parsis in India, he prefers to be remembered as an Indian poet in English.
In the year 1970, Daruwalla's first collection of Poems "Under Orion" was published. Some of the other works of the poet includes; The Keeper of Dead, Apparition in April, Crossing of Rivers, for which bagged the Sahitya Academy Award in the year 1984. As a matter of fact, his poetry stems instantly from the life around him. He served as a police officer in the Indian Police Service till his retirement and it offered him various opportunities to work in so many parts of the country and met the rough realities of life which lead to crime, communal riots, and other similar events from which the poet draws substance for his poetry. Even if belonging to the Parsi community in India, Daruwalla wants to present himself as an Indian poet writing in English.
Early Indian English Poetry was the earliest writing of the Indians in the English language. The first literary texts in English emerged from Bengal, and Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1774-1833), the progressive advocate of English civilization and culture, wrote numerous essays and treatises, which were collected in a complete volume in 1906. But it seems that poetry was the genre that first took flight in the Indian imagination, the best-known nineteenth-century poets being Henry Louis Vivian Derozio (1809-31), Michael Madhusudan Dutt (1827-73), Toru Dutt (1856-77), her cousin Romesh Chunder Dutt (1848-1909), and Manmohun Ghose (7-1924).
Khushwant Singh is a post-colonial novelist best known for his biting secularism, humour and abiding love for poetry. He is a great storywriter, historian, political writer, essayist biographer, translator novelist and journalist. Since independence he has been the country's most well- known English writer. His major works are The Voice of God and Other Stories, 1957, The Sikhs Today, 1959, The Fall of the Kingdom of the Punjab,1962 , Black Jasmine, 1971 , Delhi: A Novel, 1990, Women and Men in My Life, 1995, The Company of Women, 1999, Truth, Love and a Little Malice (an autobiography), 2002, The End of India, 2003 , Paradise and Other Stories, 2004, Death at My Doorstep, 2005 , The Illustrated History of the Sikhs, 2006. Train to Pakistan, I shall Not Hear the Nightingale, Delhi, History of the Sikhs are the noteworthy books by this writer who hardly fails to speak his mind.
Amitav Ghosh is another writer in English who published his first novel "The Circle of Reason" and the second one "The Shadow Lines" in 1986 and 1988. He wrote "In an Antique Land" in 1993 as a result of his visit to Egypt to do field work in the Fellaheen village of Lataifa in 1980. Since then "The Calcutta Chromosome" in 1995 and "The Glass Place" in 2000 had published. "The Hungry Tide" is his latest work on fiction. It was published in 2004. He won India's most prestigious literary award the "Sahitya Akademi Award" for his "The Shadow Lines" in the English language category. The novel focuses on the family of the narrator in Calcutta and Dhaka and their connection with an English family in London. "The Calcutta Chromosome" won the "Arthur C. Clarke Award" in 1997. The novel has been described as a kind of mystery thriller.
Apart from fiction Amitav Ghosh is also involved with writing non-fiction. "Countdown" is a book on India's nuclear Policy and is one of his major works in non-fiction. His Other work in non-fiction includes "The Imam and the Indians" - a collection of essays on various topics such as history of the novel, Egyptian culture and literature; and "Dancing in Combodia, At Large in Burma". He weaves "indo-nostalgic" elements in his unique and personal topics enriched with heavier themes. Overlapped in part with post-colonialism his fictions are attributed by strong themes. The Circle of Reason, The Shadow Lines, is some of his noteworthy works.
A.K Rananujan was called "Indo-Anglian harbingers of literary modernism". Several disciplinary areas are enriched with A.K.Ramanujan's aesthetic and theoretical contributions. His free thinking context and his individuality which he attributes to Euro-American culture gives rise to the "universal testaments of law". A classical kind of context-sensitive theme is also found in his cultural essays especially in his writings about Indian folklore and classic poetry. He worked for non-Sanskritic Indian literature and his popular work in sociolinguistics and literature unfolds his creativity in the most striking way. English Poetry most popularly knows him for his advance guard approach. The Interior Landscape: Love Poems from a Classical Tamil Anthropology in 1967 and "Folktales from India, Oral Tales from Twenty Indian Languages are his noted work in Indian folklore studies. His theme "context-sensitive", also appears in his work on Indian Folklore and poetry. He explained the "inter-textual" nature of Indian Literature in "Three Hundred Ramayanas" in 1991 and in "Where Mirrors Are Windows: Toward an Anthropology of Reflections" in 1989. By the word "inter-textual" he meant that Indian stories refer to one another and to other versions too. To him the oral and written traditions mutually influence each other.
Mulk Raj Anand was another writer In English who came to the writing front due to a certain family tragedy. His first main novel, "Untouchable", published in 1935, was a chilling expos‚ of the day-to-day life of a member of India's untouchable caste. It is the story of a single day in the life of Bakha, a toilet-cleaner, who accidentally bumps into a member of a higher caste. Bakha searches for comfort to the tragedy of the destiny into which he was born, talking first with a Christian missionary and then with a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, but by the end of the book he concludes that it is technology, in the form of the newly introduced flush toilet that will be his saviour. While the toilet may deprive him and his family of the traditional livelihood they have had for centuries, it may also liberate them in the end by eliminating the need for a caste of toilet cleaners.
This simple book, which captured the puissance of the Punjabi and Hindi idiom in English was widely acclaimed and Anand won the reputation of being India's Charles Dickens. His friend, E. M. Forster, whom he met while working on T. S. Elliot's magazine Criterion, wrote the introduction. In Anand's second novel, Coolie (1936), he continues to describe the plight of India's poor by telling of a 15-year-old boy, trapped in servitude as a child labourer, who eventually dies of tuberculosis.
Shashi Tharoor is another writer whose novels bear the flavour of classicism. The classics in a sense it incorporates the "indo-nostalgic" elements. "The Great Indian Novel" in1989 is a satirical novel basically a fictional work which takes the story of the Mahabharata, the epic of Hindu mythology and resets in the context of the Indian Independence. The mythical story of India is retold as the history of Indian independence. His post modern satirical novel "Show Business" in 1992 tells the story of a Bollywood superstar was made into film 'Bollywood' in 1994. The novel describes the working of Bollywood. It received a front-page accolade in the New York Times Book Review. "Riot" is his third novel released in 2001. It is a searing examination of Hindu-Muslim violence in contemporary India. Shashi Tharoor's books have been translated into Malayalam, Marathi, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Russian and Spanish.
Other eminent male writers in English include R. K. Narayan, Raja Rao, and Irwin Allan Sealy etc.
Indian Male writers in English are plenty and they articulate the search of identity of this post colonial land populace after the period of colonialism.