Types of Bone Ailments
Bone ailments are basically of four main types, of which the most commonly occurring disease is osteoporosis. Metabolic ailments, skeletal and development skeletal disorders are the other types of bone ailments.
Osteoporosis is mainly common in elderly and thin people. It is believed to be caused due to certain lifestyle features and lack of a nourishing diet. Deficiency of vitamin D, calcium and other vitamins and minerals are known to cause osteoporosis. The main cause of this disease is loss of bone density. Physical workouts and exercises like brisk walking, running and lifting weights enable one to get rid of this ailment by building new bone tissue.
Metabolic Bone Ailments
There are different kinds of metabolic bone ailments like Paget's disease, Osteomalacia, Renal Osteodystrophy and some others.
Paget's disease occurs when old tissue is replaced by a new tissue inside the bone, which is also known as remodelling. This malady seems to be a genetic disorder. Its causes are not yet discovered. Bones become inflamed which makes them become too soft and enlarged. Ultimately bones start breaking.
Osteomalacia softens bones and is caused by the deficiency of Vitamin D. Patients who have undergone bypass surgery or possess Celiac disease might also develop this disease. Incomplete digestion of Vitamin D also causes this disorder.
Renal Osteodystrophy is another metabolic bone ailment which happens because of the incapability of the kidneys to regulate the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. About 90 percent of patients who undergo dialysis have renal osteodystrophy.
Skeletal Bone Ailments
Acquired skeletal bone diseases are generally caused by cancer. Excess growth of cells can take place inside plasma cells or inside tissues. Bone cancer might attack any bone in the human body. However, normally the long bones are affected by bone cancer. Chondrosarcoma occurs in the cartilage while Osteosarcoma takes place in the osteroid region of the bone.
Development Skeletal Bone Ailments
Developmental bone disorders are much rarer than other bone diseases. Osteoporosis Imperfecta is present in humans ever since their birth since it is a congenital disease. The disease of Osteopetrosis is another disease which is prone to inflict people since their birth.
This bone ailment occurs when the parathyroid glands release excessive quantity of hormones. If parathyroid hormones are present in abnormal amounts, this will make the bones release excess calcium. Fractures and weak bones are the main consequences of this ailment.
Other Bone Ailments
There are numerous other bone ailments which might attack man. Bone spur or Osteophytes, Fibrous Dysphasia, Greensick Fracture, Osteoarthritis, Osteomyelitis, Water on the Knee are some examples of bone-related complications, amongst innumerable others.
Causes of Bone Ailments
Bone problems are caused in aged people, particularly if they are white, a smoker, and underweight, alcoholic, post-menopausal women with lower levels of oestrogen and might also attack people whose family possess a history of bone diseases. Lack of adequate physical exercise is also the reasons for bone ailments.
Initially, scholars had asserted that the primary cause of bone ailments was mechanical faults. However, modern medical technology has concluded that certain chemical conditions are responsible for the conditions which occur in the body along with the mechanical complications. The advancement in the field of science has made possible successful treatments for most bone ailments.
(Last Updated on : 26-07-2013)
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