(Last Updated on : 11-08-2012)
Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was a well known Indian politician, writer, scholar, theologist, orator and expert in hadith and tafsir from undivided India, under the rule of the British Empire in India
. He was one of the eminent leaders and founders of the Jamiat Ulema E Islam (JUI), also known Assembly of Islamic Clergy. It was a far right-wing and religious conservative political party of British India that supported the formation of the separate state of Pakistan. The party played a significant role in the Indian political scenario before to the Partition of India
. Usmani also supported the formation of Pakistan in the year 1947. He was also a student and khalifa of Shaikhul Hind Mahmud Ul Hasan.
Early Life of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was born on 6 October 1886 in Bijnor
, Uttar Pradesh
in British India. Maulana Fadhlur Rahman, his father, was the deputy inspector of schools and was sent to Bareilly later. He received his education at Darul Ulum Deoband. He was a disciple of Shaikhul Hind Mahmud ul Hasan. He successfully completed his graduation with distinction in the year 1908. After his graduation, Usmani was appointed as a teacher (mudarris) at Darul Ulum Deoband. In the year 1926, he went to Dabhel and became a teacher at Jamia Islamiyyah Dabhel and later was appointed as a teacher of Sahih Al Bukhari.
Political Career of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
Shabbir Ahmad Usmani held a major position gathering donations for the Hilal E Ahmar Fund during the Balkan War. He joined the Muslim League
in the year 1944 and was one of the members who supported the formation of a separate dominion of Pakistan. He was also founded the Jamiat Ulema E Islam in the year 1945 in order to countercheck the anti Pakistan activities of the Jamiat Ulema E Hind. He acted as the president of Jamiat Ulema E Islam until his death in the year 1949. After the national independence and the Partition of India, Shabbir Ahmad Usmani became a member of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan.
Literary Works of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
Shabbir Ahmad Usmani wrote several books and one of his most significant literary works includes Tafsir E Usmani, which was an Urdu translation of the tafsir of the Quran written by Shaikhul Hind Mahmud ul Hasan. Another well known literary work of Usmani was Fathul Mulhim Sharh Sahih Muslim that was a commentary on Sahih Muslim. He completed 3 volumes and his work was accompanimented by a 6 volume work titled Takmila Fathul Mulhim, which was published by Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani. His other notable work includes Tark E Muvalaat Par Mufassal Tabsera, a pamphlet written in the year 1921, which led the Muslims of India against the British administration. This pamphlet was banned by the British government of India. His other literary works include Hamara Islam, Hamara Pakistan and Khutbat E Usmani.
Personal Life of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
Shabbir Ahmad Usmani died on 13 December 1949 at Baghdadul Jadid in Bahawalpur State.