(Last Updated on : 07/09/2017)
Rammanohar Lohia was a renowned freedom fighter
, a socialist leader of a fearless and dynamic personality. Both before independence
and in free India he went to prison several times for the sake of the people. A man of rare scholarship and independent thought he toiled to create a society which would ensure justice to the poor, the backward and women
Early Life of Rammanohar Lohia
Rammanohar Lohia was born in the village
of Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh
on 23rd March, 1910. He was born to Hira Lal, a patriot and a teacher and Chanda. He did his intermediate from Benaras Hindu University
. He did his Bachelor of Arts
from University of Calcutta
in 1929. He obtained his Ph.D degree in Economics in 1932 from Berlin University.
Political Life of Rammanohar Lohia
Upon his return to India in 1933 he joined the freedom movement
at a young age. His first contribution as a nationalist leader was organizing a hartal on Bal Gangadhar Tilak
s death. In 1928, he joined protests against the Simon Commission
. In Europe, he organized Association of European Indians. He joined Indian National Congress
and established Congress Socialist Party
in 1934. He was elected the Secretary of All India Congress Committee (1936). He was arrested on 7th June, 1940 and sentenced to two years imprisonment for writing an article Satyagraha Now in Gandhiji
"Harijan". He published and circulated posters and pamphlets on Do or Die during the Quit India Movement
in1942. He along with Aruna Asaf Ali
edited a Congress Party monthly newspaper called Inquilab. He strongly criticized the policies of the Nehru government
Contributions of Rammanohar Lohia
Post-Independence, Rammanohar Lohia took the leadership of building a dam on Paniyari River called "Lohia Sagar Dam". He founded "Hind Kisan Panchayat" to provide solution to the farmers. He also set up World Development Council and World Government to retain peace.
Social Views of Rammanohar Lohia
According to Rammanohar Lohia, socialism in India began with Gandhijis thought and action. He was greatly influenced by Gandhijis ideals, values and methods. He wanted the doctrine of socialism to be enriched by Gandhism
. Socialism not only meant removal of poverty and inequality but also character-building and reform of the individual.
In September 1967, he underwent an operation, but never recovered from it. On the 12th of October 1967, Rammanohar Lohia breathed his last. The Dr. Rammanohar Lohia College of Law, Bengaluru
is named after him.