(Last Updated on : 04/05/2018)
Parashurama is the 6th human avatar of Lord Vishnu
incarnated as Parashurama Avatar in Treta Yuga
to exterminate the Kshatriya kings who strayed from their path and had become a great burden to Bhumi Devi
and her children. He belongs to the period of the first struggle between the Brahmans
and the Kshatriyas. He is one of the Chiranjeevis of Hinduism
Legends of Parashurama
and the Puranas
record that Parashurama was born to the Brahman sage Jamadagni
and the princess Renuka
, a member of the Kshatriya
class. They had four sons and Parashurama was the youngest son and the most powerful and aggressive one. Rama
is considered to be a Brahma-Kshatriya.
The myth relates that his mother, having committed a sin, his father commanded his sons to put her to death
. All refused to kill his mother except Parashurama. He obeyed his command and killed his mother. In reward for his triumph of duty, he received the gift of invincibility. Parashurama was bestowed with the power of being both physically and mentally strong. He was impossible to be defeated by anyone.
Kartavirya, king of the Haiheyas, coveted the divine cow Kamadhenu which belonged to the Muni, and took it from him by force. When Parashurama was on his visit to Jamadagni, he went forth to recover the cow, and soon killed the robber king. The sons of Kartavirya, to avenge their fathers death, attacked the hermitage of Jamadagni, when Parashurama was away. They killed Jamadagni. Parashurama returned to lament his father's unmerited fate and vowed that he would destroy the whole Kshatriya race. Parashurama killed all sons of Kartavirya and their aides. His thirst for revenge unquenched, he went on killing every adult Kshatriya on earth, not once but 21 times, filling five ponds with blood.
He had received an axe after undertaking a penance to please Lord Shiva
, from whom he learned warfare methods and other skills. In his later life he gave up violence and became an ascetic. The territories he received from the Kshatriyas were distributed among a clan of Brahmins. They ruled these lands for many centuries.
Parashurama is Immortal, it is even believed that he still lives on the earth
and he will even teach war skills to Kalki
, the 10th Avatar of Vishnu who wil come on the earth in the end of Kali Yuga
Temples of Parashurama
Parashurama is less worshipped unlike other avatars of Lord Vishnu. However in South India
, near Udupi
there exists a major temple
where Parashurama is worshipped. He is also worshipped in a temple at Parashurama, in Maharashtra
s Ratnagiri district
as he is considered the saviour of Konkan Coast. There are Parashurama temples throughout west
and North India
. There is a temple of Parashurama situated in Akhnoor
in Jammu and Kashmir