(Last Updated on : 09-05-2014)
Girnar Jain temples are located in the Girnar Maountains in Junagadh District
. The place serves as an important pilgrimage centre for both Hindus and Jains. A number of temples are located here. Amidst the lush green Gir Forest, the mountain range serves as the hub of religious activity.
Girnar temples present a true blend of art, religion and devotion. There are two important Jain temples here are the Mallinath and Neminath. These Jain temples attract devotees of both Shwetambar sect and Digambar sect
. The Neminath Temple is the main attraction of Girnar that was built during 1128 AD to 1159 AD. Another Jain temple in the region is the Parshwanath Temple. It was built in the 15th century. Apart from these there is a Goddess Ambe Temple at Grinar.
Girnar Mountain Range
Girnar Mountain Range is one of the exquisite mountain ranges of Gujarat located at an average elevation of 3660 feet above mean sea level. It is located in the outskirts of the Junagadh district in the western state of Gujarat and is the highest peak in the state. This mountain range has five peaks, which consists of beautifully carved stone temples which are the popular pilgrimage destination among the Jain and Hindu community in the state. It is believed in Hinduism
that if one climbs Girnar hills barefooted, one earns a place in heaven. The five peaks, crowned by sixteen beautifully carved and sculptured marble shrines on the western flank of the mountain forms one of the most beautifully situated group of Jain temples in India.
One of the largest Jain temples in Junagadh is dedicated to the Bhagavan Neminath. He is the 22nd Jain Tirthankar. There is an image of Neminath in each of the courtyard colonnade's 70 cells that was built during 1128 AD to 1159 AD. Bhagwan Neminath reached the highest state of enlightenment in Mount Girnar. The rectangular Neminath temple has an idol of Lord Neminath in black granite with jeweled eyes. Even the ceilings bear carvings and sculptures of Dancing Goddesses. The lord is depicted as a black figure sitting in the lotus position holding a conch in the marble Neminath Temple.
Another temple of Girnar, the Mallinath temple is dedicated to Bhagavƒn Mallinath. It was built by the brothers Vastupal and Tejapala who also funded temples in Mount Abu and Shatrunjaya. The idol of Baghwan Mallinath is depicted in blue color.
Other Jain temples
There are other Jain temples in Girnar that are visited by many devotees. These temples are Baghwan Rishabhadev Temple and Baghwan Parshwanath Temple. Rishabhadev Temple is in golden colour. Another Jain temple in the region is the Parshwanath Temple. It was built in the 15th century and is also known as Meravasi. Besides this, there is a Goddess Ambe Temple at Grinar.
Tonks on Girnar
There are five tonks in Girnar apart from the Jain temples.
In the First tonk one can visit a digamabar jain temple and a cave called Rajulmati cave. It is stated that Rajulmati has done penance at this place. There is also a small temple where idol of Bhagwan bahubali (in standing posture is installed. footprints of kundkund acharaya is also seen here. In the temple, the idol of bhagwan Neminath (Vikram 1924) is on the main vedi. The idols of Parsvanath and neminath are also there.
After climbing 900 steps one can see the footprints of muni anirudhhkumat and temple of Devi Ambika.
In the third tonk one can see the footprints of Muni Sambukkumar installed here.
Here the footprints of Pradhyman Kumar, the son of Lord Krishna
are installed here. He attained nirvana from this place.
The footprints of Bhagwan Neminath are installed here. There is an idol of Bhagwan Neminath on this tonk.