(Last Updated on : 29/10/2014)
The two southern most districts of Assam
are North cachar
and cachar. The Borail Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the North cachar RF and Borail RF. The sanctuary covers an area of 326.24 sq. km. Its rich vegetation plays a crucial part in providing a perfect ecosystem to this forest.
Borail Wildlife Sancturary is located on a hilly terrain with many streams rivulets and water pits. This forest is located on the highest altitude among all the forests of Assam. Some area of the sanctuary is more than 1500 m from sea level.
Flora and fauna of Borail Wildlife Sanctuary
Borail Wildlife Sanctuary houses a variety of animals and birds. It serves as an ideal place both mammals and reptiles. The sanctuary houses the world's most venomous snake, King Cobra
. Other common reptile species that are found here are Rock python, Red snake, Green Pit viper etc. Two endangered species of tortoise - Brown hill tortoise, and Asian Leaf turtle are also found here.
The Borail Wildlife Sanctuary provides shelter to mammals like, Flying fox, slow Loris, Golden cat, jungle wild dog, Barking Deer
, Giant squirrel, Porcupine, Clouded leopard, Leopard
, Hoolock Gibbon ,Pigtailed Macaque, Himalayan Black Dear ,Capped Langur , sambar, Fishing cat, etc.
Borail Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a variety of Avifauna
Different species of Hornbill including Great Pied Hornbill is found here. Other species of birds found here are, white backed vulture, sunder billed Vulture, white checked hill Partridge, Mountain Bamboo Partridge, Khaleej Pheasant, Grey Peacock Pheasant etc.
Apart from animals and birds the sanctuary is also rich in vegetation.
Borail Wildlife Sanctuary comprises of Tropical Moist Evergreen and semi Evergreen Forest. Thick bamboo forest and grassland are also seen in this sanctuary. Due to the ideal climate condition and suitable geographical location, different species of orchids are commonly seen in this forest.
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