Principles of Madhavacharya
According to Dvaita view, reality consists of only two major principles: the independent and the dependent. The independent reality is God. Others like soul (Jiva), matter (Prakriti), time (kala) and action (karma) are dependent realities. These dependent realities are eternal and distinct in their own right exist through the consent and sanction of God.
According to Madhavacharya, reality constitutes three basic categories (tattvas): God, soul (jiva) and matter (prakriti). These three are real and distinct. Two orders of reality, independent and the dependent and the real differences that exist between the various categories of reality are the trademarks of Madhva’s Dvaita.
Madhavacharya describes five basic differences:
i. Difference between soul and God
ii. Difference between matter and God
iii. Difference between one soul and another
iv. Difference between matter and soul and finally
v. Difference between one element of matter and another
Another notable feature of his theology is his three classifications of souls. According to Madhavacharya, there are endless numbers of souls that can be divided into three groups.
A gist of his teachings is given below:
Madhvacharya is said to have mysteriously disappeared from his seat, while teaching the Attareya Upanishad to his disciples.