Legends: Tyagaraja is associated with the Muchukunda Chola legend of Tiruvarur. Bhrama worshipped here prior to commencing the creation, hence it is called Bhrama Tapovanam, Bhramapureeswarar. Since the sins of the 9 celestial bodies (Kol) were forgiven here, the name Tirukkolili came into being. The Navagrahas are enshrined in a straight row here as in Tiruvarur.
Bhima prayed for forgiveness for having slain Bakaasuran. Sundarar was blessed with rice grains here and this vast supply of grains was transported to Tiruvarur. This is commemorated in the Maasi Magam festival.
Temple: This temple covers an area of under 2 acres. It has two prakarams. The temple entrance has an imposing Rajagopuram. The Bhramma Theertham tank is situated in front of the temple. The Shivalingam is a Prithvi Lingam made of fine white sand. There are inscriptions here from the period of the Imperial Cholas and Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan. Sundaramoorthy Nayanar with Paravai Nachiyar face Tyagarajar. The Bhrammapureeswarar, Tyagarajar and the Ambal shrines face east. Agasthyar worshipped Shiva here, and this lingam is enshrined in a separate temple here. Images of Ardhanareeswarar, Mahavishnu, Natarajar, Nartana Vinayakar and those of the stalapuranam, depicting Bhramma worshipping Shiva are found on the walls.
Festivals: The annual Bhrammotsavam is celebrated in the month of Vaikasi, while the Sundarar Utsavam is conducted on the day of Maasi Magam.