(Last Updated on : 20/04/2019)
Jainism believes in God not as a creator but as a perfect being. According to the Jaina-doctrine the world is eternal and ephemeral. It listens only to its own laws and remains unchanged in its basic nature although its parts change. No God
has created it, rules it and can destroy it. Jains deny the existence of an imperishable, all-mighty highest "Lord" (Ishwara) who creates the universe, rules it, and when he likes, destroys it.
Concept of God in Jainism
When a person destroys all his karmas
, then he becomes a liberated soul. He resides in a perfect blissful state in Moksha
possessing infinite knowledge, infinite vision, infinite power and infinite bliss. This living being is a God according to the Jainism
. Every living being has a potential to become God. For this reason, Jains do not have one God; rather there are innumerable and their number is continuously increasing as more living beings attain liberation. Jains believe that from the very beginning of the time every living is associated with karmas. The main purpose of the religion
is to remove these karmas which are attached to the soul and become liberated soul
Types of Karmas to Attain Moksha
There are several types of karmas, which help to attain moksha to be a perfect being, which is equivalent to being a God. The karmas are:
It generates delusion in the soul to bring out the true nature of the person and makes it identify itself with other external substances.
It covers the soul's power of perfect knowledge
It covers the soul's power of perfect visions.
Antaraya Karma: I
t obstructs the natural quality or energy of the soul such as charity and will power to prevent the soul from attaining liberation. It also prevents a person from doing something good or enjoyable.
It obscures the blissful nature of the soul to produce pleasure and pain.
It hides the non-corporeal existence of the soul to prepare the body with its limitations, qualities, faculties, etc.
It obscures the souls characteristics of equanimity, and determines the caste
, social standing and personality.
It determines the span of life in one birth, thus obscuring soul's nature of eternal existence.
In this level, the person achieves moksha; he is free and liberated.
The Four-Fold Order:
In this level, a person practices self-control and gives up all desires and earthly possessions to become the spiritual
guru. He follows strictly five great vows