(Last Updated on : 25-02-2010)
Vishnu Purana has given a detailed description of the progeny of Pryavrata. It has been mentioned in the Purana that Pryavrata married Kanya, the daughter of Kardama, and had by her two daughters named Samrat and Kukshi and had ten sons. The sons were wise
Valiant, humble, obedient to their father and were named as Agnidhara, Agnivahu, Vapushmat, Dyutimat, Medha, Bhabya, Savala and Putra. And the tenth of them was called Jyotishman; and the significance of this name was made good by him.
All the sons of Pryavrata were celebrated for strength and prowess. Of these three namely Medha, Agnivahu and Putra, were gives up to religious devotion. And those high-souled ones remembering the actions of their pristine births did not wish for kingdom. In the course of time they diligently and in due time practised the rites of austerities, wholly disinterested and expecting no reward. Pryavrata had conferred seven islands upon his seven illustrious sons.
The father had conferred upon Agnidhra the sovereignty of Jamvudwip; to Medhathiti he gave Plakshadwipa: he made Vapushmat the sovereign over the Dwipa of Salmali; and appointed Jyotishmat, king of Kusadwipa he had made Dutrraat the king of Kraunchdwipa, Bhabya the king of Sakadwipa and Savala the sovereign of the Dwipa of Pushkara.
Similarly Agnidhara, the king of jamvudwipa had nine sons, all equal to the patriarchs in prowess.-Nabhi, Kimpurasha, Harwarsha, IlaVrita, Rainya, Hiranvat, Kuru,
Bhadraswa and Katumala, who was a prince ever devoted to the practice of piety.
Agnidhara had divided the countries in the following manner. He conferred on Nabhi the country called Hima, south of Himavau or snowy mountains. And he gave to Kimpurusha the country of Himakuta and to Harivarsha the country of Nishada. And he bestowed upon Ilavrita the country in the centre of which mount Meru is situated. And he conferred upon Kamya the countries lying between it and the Nila Mountain. He gave to Hiravat the country lying to the north of it. He gave to Kuru the country bounded by Sringavar. He gave to Bhadraswa the countries situate on the east of Meru and he gave to Ketumala Gandhamadana which, was situated on the west of it.
The Purana states Kimpurusha and others are places of perfect enjoyment and spontaneous happiness. In those countries there is no vicissitude of circumstances, no fear of decrepitude or death, and no distinction of virtue and vice, better or worse.
The high-souled Nabhi, who had obtained the country of Nimahwa as his kingdom, had by his queen Meru, the highly effulgent son Rishabha; and who had again a hundred sons, the eldest of whom was Bharata. It is said that having ruled over the kingdom piously and having performed many sacrifices the illustrious Rishabha installed his eldest son Bharata as the lord of the earth and went to the hermitage of Pulastya, being bent upon practising religious penance according to the prescribed rites of an anchoret.
Bharata had a highly pious son named Sumati. Bharat had ruled the kingdom only for some time and then had conferred the responsibility upon his son.
Vishnu Purana states that from the the illustrious Sumati, was born Indradyumna his son was Pratihara, who had an illusustrrious son named Pratihartta ; his son was Bhava who begot Udgatha, who begot Prastara, whose son was Prithu. Prithu's son was Nakta, whose son was Gaya, whose son was Nara, whose son was Virat. Virat's son was the brave Dhimat who begot Maharta,whose son was Manasyu, whose son was Twashtri, whose son was Viraja, whose son was Raja, whose son was Satyjit, who had a hundred, sons, of whom Viswagyotish was the eldest. Under the rule of these princes Bharatvarsha was divided into nine parts and their progeny successively ruled the country.