History of Mahasamund District
Mahasamund District is famous for its rich cultural history. Mahasamund District was once capital of 'South Kosala' ruled by the emperors of Somavansiya Dynasty was also a centre of learning. Large number of ancient temples of vast architectural beauty here, with their natural and derive beauty were always a visitors delight. The shrines and the fairs and festivals have become the part of daily life of the people of this district. The position of Sirpur is at the top of all international famed historical places of South Kosal that is present Chhattisgarh. Sirpur, located at the bank of holy Mahanadi River, is completely merged with the cultural and architectural art and beauty.
Geography of Mahasamund District
In this region various forms of Neo-granite, Dolerite and Quartz are found in intrusive forms. Granite rocks can be found in the Bagbahara, Basna and Pithore regions. In this region there is a great scope of intense mining activity. Further, important deposits found in this region are Gold, Tin ore, Lead ore, Fluorite, Beryl, Granite and Limestone rocks. Several small scale industries are in operation that makes multifarious uses of lime stone. Abundant scope of Granite based industries exists in this district of Chhattisgarh.
Demography of Mahasamund District
As per the Census 2001 the total population of Mahasamund District is 8, 60,176, male population is 4, 26,011 and female population of the district is 4, 34,165. The density of population is 220 people per square kilometres. Sex ratio is 1019 women for 1000 men. The tribal population of Mahasamund District is significant as it accounts for near about 29 per cent of the total population. The major tribes living in the district are Bhujia, Binjhwar Tribe, Dhanwar Tribe, Halba Tribe, Kamar, Kanwar, Kharai, Munda Tribe, Pardhi, Bahalia, Saur, Saharia Tribe, Sonar, Sanwara and Kharwar Tribe.
Culture of Mahasamund District
Culture of Mahasamund District is mainly predominantly tribal in nature. Chhattisgarhi language is the main language used in this district. However, Hindi language too is sparingly spoken in some parts of the district. In the blocks adjoining the state of Orissa like Saraipali and Basna, Oriya language along with Chhattisgarhi is spoken. In keeping with the traditions of Chhattisgarh, people of Mahasamund District have preference for unostentatious clothing. Male members normally attire 'Dhoti', 'Kurtha' and Turban on their head with a piece of clothing round the neck and a special type of leather shoe (known as Bhandai). Female members prefer sari and blouse (Lugra and Polkha) and cover their feet with Atkaria, a special type of leather footwear. Ornaments include Bicchia for fingers, Parpatti or ankle band, Kardhan or waist bands, Fulee or ear rings made of silver. People in Mahasamund District celebrate several fairs and festivals throughout the year, from the month of Chaitra to Phalgun.
Tourism in Mahasamund District
Mahasamund District is known for its tourism options. There are several temples in this district that offer an enriching pilgrimage tourism experience to the visitors. Khallarimatha Temple, Sweth Ganga of Bhamhini, Godhara of Daldali, Chandi Temple of Birkoni and Chandi Temple of Guchapali are some of the attractions offered by the district.