(Last Updated on : 25-01-2014)
Lord Agni in the great Purana known by the name Agni Purana has dedicated a chapter to the worship of the cow Kapila. It is believed that Kapila is the one who imparts joy to its worshippers. The description commences saying that Kapila is the abode of all bliss. She has a gentle character and is regarded as a celestial. Kapila, is believed to have a good temperament and she has the capacity to impart enjoyment in this world and salvation in the world after death.
It has been mentioned in the Purana that Kapila is the daughter of Suravi, who in turn is considered the mother of the universe and grants all boons and gives ambrosia to the gods. Lord Agni
says that worshippers pray to Kapila to grant them all their desires. People pray to her to take away all sins and inequities from their lives. The worshipper in the process of worship asks the Kapila cow to stay close to him always and he also wished that he may be able to meditate upon the cow in a proper manner. As the worshipper continues the worship of the cow he also offers the morsels of food to the cow.
After having thus addressed the cow the worshipper should deem himself as identical with Lord Shiva
or the supreme blissful one, who is pure, and whose ethereal self is incapable of sin. Then the worshipper should prepare for the worship of Shiva. And the worship of Lord Shiva involves a number of steps and many other deities are worshipped along with him. An important component of the worship is the uttering of the Mritunjaya mantra and the performing of Homa ceremony. As the worshipper performs the Homa ceremony he should merge the breath in the fire of Homa
after having contemplated the divine essence of Shiva. Then the morsels of food are offered to several gods and are cast into the oven.
First the oblation is to the Fire-God, then to Soma. The next oblations follows a fixed pattern like oblation to Vrihaspati, to Prajapati and to all the other gods and the offerings should be cast into the different quarters of the heaven, starting with the east. After that the worshipper should bid adieu to the oven fire.
The custom then involves worshipping the god of virtue or the god of piety towards the right side of the heaven and towards the left the spirit of impiety is offered obeisance. Worship of Lord Varuna
or the fire-god of the sea, worship of Lord Ganesha
is important elements of worshipping Kapila.
One by one all the other gods who presides over every element of the household should be worshipped by the worshipper with absolute dedication. And only after pleasing all the deities of the house the worshipper can have food.