(Last Updated on : 16/01/2010)
In the hymn on Surya, the Solar God is described as driving a chariot whose rays are said to be the seven mares. In his fiery aspect, he is identified with Agni 'Knower of Creatures' (Jatavedas), and through the recurrent image of seeing and being seen and giving light that allows others to see he is further identified with Lord Varuna
, the eye of the gods. According to the Rig Vedic hymns, the brilliant banners of Surya draw upwards the god who knows all creatures, so that everyone may see the sun.
The hymns on Lord Surya
state that the constellations, along with the nights, steal away
like thieves, making way for the sun who gazes on everyone. It has been mentioned in the hymn that the rays that are his banners have become visible from the distance, shining over mankind like blazing fires. It says that Surya looks most busy among men. He has the capacity to cross heaven and the vast realm of space, measuring days by nights and looking upon the generations. Surya or the Sun illumines the entire world and gives light to mankind like blazing fire. Surya is the maker of the light and lightens up the wide realm of the space. It is believed in the hymn that through the Surya which acts as the eye of Lord Vishnu to keep a careful surveillance on mankind.
The belief which has been expressed in the hymn dedicated to Surya is that the worshippers are able to come out of all darkness with the help of Surya. The hymn says that coming out of darkness one sees the higher light around us, going to the sun, the god among gods and in the process the highest light is experienced by a worshipper.
The hymn on Surya proclaims that the sun is honoured as a friend, climbing to the highest sky. It has the capacity to free the worshipper from every kind of heart ache and yellow pallor.
Finally the hymn ends saying that the sun rises with all the dominating force, hurling my hateful enemy down into the hands. In this particular hymn the worshipper has prayed to Surya that he should be released from all enemies.