Education in Villages of Haryana
The villages of Haryana have quite an impressive educational scenario. The government authorities have established several government primary schools in the villages of Haryana to provide the children proper education. Students can also pursue higher education in the colleges and universities located in the urban areas of the state. The authorities have also taken many initiatives to further improve the educational status of the villages of Haryana in near future.
Occupation in Villages of Haryana
Like most of the other states in India, the principal occupation in the villages of Haryana is agriculture. About 70 percent of the total population of Haryana is depended upon agriculture to earn their livelihood and this has made the state self-sufficient in food grains production. The state is also one of the top contributors of food grains to the Indian market. In fact, Haryana together with Punjab is called the ‘Grain Bowl of India’. There are 2 major types of crops namely Rabi and Kharif cultivated in the villages of Haryana. The most important Kharif crops cultivated in Haryana include rice, jowar, bajra, maize, cotton, jute, sugarcane, sesame, groundnut, etc. On the other hand, the major Rabi crops are wheat, tobacco, gram, linseed, rapeseed, mustard, etc. The other important crops cultivated in the villages of Haryana include barley, millet, pulses, oilseeds, corn, etc.
Apart from agriculture; many people in the villages of Haryana are also engaged in dairy farming. The extensive dairy farming has given the state the title of ‘Milk Pail of India’. The major dairy products produced in Haryana include Milk, Ghee, Butter, Dahi, Paneer, etc. Horticulture and vegetable farming have also been taken as occupation by many villagers in the recent years. The fruits like oranges, malta, kinnoo, mausami, ber, mangoes, etc. are cultivated quite extensively in the villages of Haryana. Besides agriculture and farming, the villagers in Haryana are also engaged in the industries like automobile, cement, dairy, sugar mills, textiles, paper, engineering, agro-based industries, electricity production, etc.
Festivals in Villages of Haryana
The village fairs and festivals are the platform for social communication. The villages of Haryana are quite rich in culture and folklore. There are numerous seasonal and religious festivals celebrated in the villages of Haryana which further glorify the rich culture of this region. The most widely celebrated festivals in the villages of Haryana include Holi, Diwali, Lohri, Basant Panchami, Gangore, Baisakhi, Teej, Nirjala Ekadashi, Janmashtami, Sanjhi, Guggapir, Dussehra, Kurukshetra Festival, the Surajkund Crafts Mela, Mango festival, etc. Among these, the Teej festival that marks the arrival of monsoon is the most vibrant festival in Haryana.
Art and Culture in Villages of Haryana
The villagers in Haryana are master of several folk dance and musical forms. In fact, dance, music, poetry, painting, architecture, etc. are an integral part of the village life in Haryana. The traditional cultural and popular art forms found in the villages of Haryana include Saangs, dramas, ballads, songs, etc.
(Last Updated on : 12-04-2017)