(Last Updated on : 04-07-2014)
Kausambi is situated in Uttar Pradesh. Kausambi was one of the greatest cities in India during the time of Buddha. Kausambi was once the learning center of the Buddhists.
The city is known as Kausambi because the city was founded near the hermitage which was occupied by the sage Kusumba. Another explanation is that there were many margossa trees in the city and hence the name was attributed to the city. Kausambi was once a very prosperous city.
History of Kausambi
During the time of Buddha, Kausambi was the capital of 'Vatsa Janpad. Kausambi was then ruled by King Parantapa and after him reined his son Udena. Kaushambi holds the distinction of serving Lord Buddha, in the 6th and 9th year after his enlightenment. It is the place where Buddha delivered a number of sermons, thus elevating it to the status of a learning center for Buddhists.
The archaeological excavations carried out in Kaushambi have led to the discovery of numerous sculptures, figurines, coins, punch-marked, cast coins, terra-cotta sculptures, etc. There are a number of stupas in Kaushambi. The most impressive of them is the stupa build during the 5th century BC.
Geography of Kausambi
Kausambi is identified with the two villages of Kosam on the Jamuna River, which is 35 miles southwest of Allahabad. The location of Kosambi is at the following coordinates: 25.338984° N 81.392899° E. Coordinates: 25.338984° N 81.392899° E.
Places of interest in Kausambi
The major attractions of the place are:
The Ashokan Pillar
The Ghositaram Monastery
The old fort of Kausambi